Learn More
Several gradient-echo fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effects are described in the literature: extravascular spin dephasing around capillaries and veins, intravascular phase changes, and transverse relaxation changes of blood. This work considers a series of tissue compartmentalized models incorporating each of these effects, and tries to(More)
Within-subject reproducibility of visual brain activation using multislice echo planar functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was tested. Ten healthy subjects underwent fMRI with visual stimulation on three occasions: two studies in one scanning session (without repositioning); and a third study 1 h to 2 weeks later. Following a three-dimensional(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intersubject and intrasubject variability of the activated area in the visual cortex with functional MR imaging. METHODS Double-section gradient-echo MR images were acquired at 1.5 T in 28 healthy volunteers using the fast low-angle shot (FLASH) technique. Visual stimulation was obtained with light-emitting diode (LED) goggles.(More)
High-resolution functional imaging experiments at 0.95 Tesla have been performed to determine the changes in oxygen saturation in pial veins during motor activation by measuring both flow and susceptibility changes in the blood. Averaging across subjects, mean values for the change of the oxygenation level, deltaY = 0.16 +/- 0.08 (n = 7) and deltaY = 0.13(More)
We studied the use of functional MRI (fMRI) with visual stimulation in nine patients with unilateral optic neuritis. Eight healthy subjects served as controls. Patients showed reduced activation upon stimulation of the affected eye, on average 33% (range 0 to 156%) of the average monocular activation in the control group. Decreased activation was also seen(More)
Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and compared with standard monoplane left ventriculography in 46 patients with various cardiac diseases. Two different MRI strategies were used. In 28 patients (group 1), ejection fraction was determined using a single slice comparable with the right anterior oblique(More)
Forty-two patients with laryngeal carcinomas were examined with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The accuracy of both CT and MR imaging in the depiction of cartilage invasion was evaluated in 16 patients by comparing findings at CT and MR with pathologic findings. Calcified cartilage that has been invaded by cancer is frequently(More)
Changes in cortical metabolism and cerebral perfusion may be recorded non-invasively with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In pilot experiments, using fMRI with photic stimulation, we found differences between activated areas when the left or the right eye was stimulated separately. In this study we investigated whether this could be explained(More)
Flow in the human right coronary artery was determined using magnetic resonance phase contrast velocity quantification. Two methods were applied to reduce respiratory motion: Imaging during breath holding, which is fast, and retrospective respiratory gating, which has a high temporal resolution (32 ms) in the cardiac cycle. Vessel cross-sectional area,(More)
The use of the paramagnetic contrast agent gadolinium-diethylene-triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) was evaluated in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 18 patients with an acute myocardial infarction after thrombolysis. The patency of the infarct-related vessel was assessed by coronary angiography. At 58 +/- 9 hours after infarction MRI was performed before(More)