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Within-subject reproducibility of visual brain activation using multislice echo planar functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was tested. Ten healthy subjects underwent fMRI with visual stimulation on three occasions: two studies in one scanning session (without repositioning); and a third study 1 h to 2 weeks later. Following a three-dimensional(More)
Several gradient-echo fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effects are described in the literature: extravascular spin dephasing around capillaries and veins, intravascular phase changes, and transverse relaxation changes of blood. This work considers a series of tissue compartmentalized models incorporating each of these effects, and tries to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intersubject and intrasubject variability of the activated area in the visual cortex with functional MR imaging. METHODS Double-section gradient-echo MR images were acquired at 1.5 T in 28 healthy volunteers using the fast low-angle shot (FLASH) technique. Visual stimulation was obtained with light-emitting diode (LED) goggles.(More)
High-resolution functional imaging experiments at 0.95 Tesla have been performed to determine the changes in oxygen saturation in pial veins during motor activation by measuring both flow and susceptibility changes in the blood. Averaging across subjects, mean values for the change of the oxygenation level, deltaY = 0.16 +/- 0.08 (n = 7) and deltaY = 0.13(More)
We studied the use of functional MRI (fMRI) with visual stimulation in nine patients with unilateral optic neuritis. Eight healthy subjects served as controls. Patients showed reduced activation upon stimulation of the affected eye, on average 33% (range 0 to 156%) of the average monocular activation in the control group. Decreased activation was also seen(More)
Changes in cortical metabolism and cerebral perfusion may be recorded non-invasively with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In pilot experiments, using fMRI with photic stimulation, we found differences between activated areas when the left or the right eye was stimulated separately. In this study we investigated whether this could be explained(More)
Push-pull cannulae were implanted into the mediobasal hypothalamus of ovariectomized (ovx) rats. After recovery animals were treated with estradiolbenzoate (E2B) or oil and they were perfused 3 days later. Only the E2B-treated animals which exhibited prolactin surges in the afternoon without concomitant LH surges were used in this study. In ovx animals(More)
Flow in the human right coronary artery was determined using magnetic resonance phase contrast velocity quantification. Two methods were applied to reduce respiratory motion: Imaging during breath holding, which is fast, and retrospective respiratory gating, which has a high temporal resolution (32 ms) in the cardiac cycle. Vessel cross-sectional area,(More)
The accuracy of magnetic resonance phase contrast volume flow measurements in small blood vessels is expected to be smaller than in large vessels, because of partial volume effects at the vessel boundary. Accuracy was validated in the dog femoral artery, diameter 3.5 +/- 0.7 mm, using an ultrasonic transit-time flowmeter (TT). The number of pixels per(More)
Cine phase-contrast MR imaging was used to study pulsatile CSF flow in the aqueduct in 11 young controls (mean age 30 years) and 9 old controls (mean age 69 years). A high-resolution gradient echo technique and an oblique imaging plane, perpendicular to the aqueduct, was used to avoid volume averaging. Phantom studies confirmed that the technique was(More)