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Several gradient-echo fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effects are described in the literature: extravascular spin dephasing around capillaries and veins, intravascular phase changes, and transverse relaxation changes of blood. This work considers a series of tissue compartmentalized models incorporating each of these effects, and tries to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intersubject and intrasubject variability of the activated area in the visual cortex with functional MR imaging. METHODS Double-section gradient-echo MR images were acquired at 1.5 T in 28 healthy volunteers using the fast low-angle shot (FLASH) technique. Visual stimulation was obtained with light-emitting diode (LED) goggles.(More)
Within-subject reproducibility of visual brain activation using multislice echo planar functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was tested. Ten healthy subjects underwent fMRI with visual stimulation on three occasions: two studies in one scanning session (without repositioning); and a third study 1 h to 2 weeks later. Following a three-dimensional(More)
Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and compared with standard monoplane left ventriculography in 46 patients with various cardiac diseases. Two different MRI strategies were used. In 28 patients (group 1), ejection fraction was determined using a single slice comparable with the right anterior oblique(More)
High-resolution functional imaging experiments at 0.95 Tesla have been performed to determine the changes in oxygen saturation in pial veins during motor activation by measuring both flow and susceptibility changes in the blood. Averaging across subjects, mean values for the change of the oxygenation level, deltaY = 0.16 +/- 0.08 (n = 7) and deltaY = 0.13(More)
Forty-two patients with laryngeal carcinomas were examined with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The accuracy of both CT and MR imaging in the depiction of cartilage invasion was evaluated in 16 patients by comparing findings at CT and MR with pathologic findings. Calcified cartilage that has been invaded by cancer is frequently(More)
We studied the use of functional MRI (fMRI) with visual stimulation in nine patients with unilateral optic neuritis. Eight healthy subjects served as controls. Patients showed reduced activation upon stimulation of the affected eye, on average 33% (range 0 to 156%) of the average monocular activation in the control group. Decreased activation was also seen(More)
Cine phase-contrast MR imaging was used to study pulsatile CSF flow in the aqueduct in 11 young controls (mean age 30 years) and 9 old controls (mean age 69 years). A high-resolution gradient echo technique and an oblique imaging plane, perpendicular to the aqueduct, was used to avoid volume averaging. Phantom studies confirmed that the technique was(More)
Changes in cortical metabolism and cerebral perfusion may be recorded non-invasively with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In pilot experiments, using fMRI with photic stimulation, we found differences between activated areas when the left or the right eye was stimulated separately. In this study we investigated whether this could be explained(More)
OBJECTIVE Respiratory motion degrades MR images of the coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare two methods of reducing the effects of respiration in coronary artery MRI. Single-slice 2D imaging with breath-holding and a respiratory-gated 3D technique were used. MATERIALS AND METHODS A comparison was made in 10 normal(More)