Michael Siegenthaler

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BACKGROUND Arterial calcifications are associated with increased cardiovascular risk, but the genetic basis of this association is unclear. METHODS We performed clinical, radiographic, and genetic studies in three families with symptomatic arterial calcifications. Single-nucleotide-polymorphism analysis, targeted gene sequencing, quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated patient outcomes and complications associated with the microaxial Impella Recover left ventricular assist device (Impella Cardiosystems AG, Aachen, Germany) for postcardiotomy low-output syndrome. This low-cost device is inserted across the aortic valve through a 10-mm vascular graft sewn to the ascending aorta. METHODS Impella(More)
OBJECTIVES Elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) unresponsive to pharmacological intervention is a major limitation in heart transplantation (HTX). The post-operative course of these patients is associated with an increased risk of life-threatening right heart failure. We evaluated the efficiency of an implantable left ventricular assist device(More)
BACKGROUND Although ventricular assist devices (VADs) provide effective treatment for end-stage heart failure, VAD support remains associated with significant risk for adverse events (AEs). To date there has been no detailed assessment of the incidence of a full range of AEs using standardized event definitions. We sought to characterize the frequency and(More)
BACKGROUND Device failure is a limitation of permanent mechanical circulatory support. We studied the mechanical reliability of the Jarvik 2000 Heart, an axial flow pump with ceramic bearings designed to provide more than 10 years' durability. METHODS The Jarvik 2000 Heart was implanted in 102 patients between April 2000 and December 2004. Eighty-three(More)
PURPOSE Conventional surgical therapy of aortic arch aneurysms consists of aortic arch replacement requiring cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. This method is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mainly due to neurologic complications and the sequelae of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Thus, it makes sense(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative chemotherapy (C+S) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has increased in an attempt to improve survival. Patients receiving C+S potentially may have an increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality compared with surgery alone (S). We reviewed our experience with C+S and S in a tertiary referral center. METHODS Three hundred(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia remains the most dreaded complication following thoracoabdominal aortic repair. We investigated the efficacy of cerebrospinal fluid drainage as a spinal cord-protecting modality. We also evaluated the correlation between the frequency of cerebrospinal fluid drainage and the Crawford classification. METHODS Spinal cord function was(More)
OBJECTIVE Aortic endovascular stent-graft implantation is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. Overstenting of the left subclavian artery may be necessary to create a satisfactory proximal 'landing zone' for the stent-graft. Few cases have been published reporting adverse neurological events after overstenting of the left subclavian artery. We(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic stent-graft repair has shown a reduction in morbidity and mortality rates due to the procedure's advantages (no aortic cross-clamping, continuous distal aortic perfusion, no reperfusion injury). However, 3% to 12% of the patients are at risk of spinal cord ischemia. We investigated spinal cord protective(More)