Michael Shuen

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Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are protein deacetylases that play a role in repression of gene transcription and are emerging targets in cancer therapy. Here, we characterize the structure and enzymatic activity of the catalytic domain of human HDAC7 (cdHDAC7). Although HDAC7 normally exists as part of a multiprotein complex, we show that cdHDAC7 has a low(More)
Adenovirus type 5 E1A proteins interact with cellular regulators of transcription to reprogram gene expression in the infected or transformed cell. Although E1A also interacts with DNA directly in vitro, it is not clear how this relates to its function in vivo. The N-terminal conserved regions 1, 2 and 3 and the C-terminal portions of E1A were prepared as(More)
We have determined distinct roles for different proteasome complexes in adenovirus (Ad) E1A-dependent transcription. We show that the 19S ATPase, S8, as a component of 19S ATPase proteins independent of 20S (APIS), binds specifically to the E1A transactivation domain, conserved region 3 (CR3). Recruitment of APIS to CR3 enhances the ability of E1A to(More)
Unliganded thyroid hormone (TH) receptors (TRs) and other nuclear receptors (NRs) repress transcription of hormone-activated genes by recruiting corepressors (CoRs), such as NR CoR (N-CoR) and SMRT. Unliganded TRs also activate transcription of TH-repressed genes. Some evidence suggests that these effects also involve TR/CoR contacts; however, the precise(More)
Expression of the adenovirus E1A protein in the simple eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae inhibits growth. We tested four regions of E1A that alter growth and transcription in mammalian cells for their effects in yeast when expressed as fusions to the Gal4p DNA binding domain. Expression of the N-terminal/conserved region (CR) 1 or CR3, but not of the CR2(More)
A change in mRNA stability alters the abundance of mRNA available for translation and is emerging as a critical pathway influencing gene expression. Variations in the stability of functional and regulatory mitochondrial proteins may contribute to the divergent mitochondrial densities observed in striated muscle. Thus we hypothesized that the stability of(More)
In mammalian cells, the human adenovirus type 5 early region 1A (E1A) oncoprotein functions as a thyroid hormone (TH)-dependent activator of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). Interestingly, in the cellular context of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, E1A acts as a TR-specific constitutive coactivator that is down-regulated by TH. TH reduces the(More)
The N-terminal/conserved region 1 (CR1) portion of the human adenovirus (Ad) 5 E1A protein was previously shown to inhibit growth in the simple eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We now demonstrate that the corresponding regions of the E1A proteins of Ad3,-4,-9,-12, and -40, which represent the remaining five Ad subgroups, also inhibit yeast growth. These(More)
C-terminal-binding protein interacting protein (CtIP) was first isolated as a binding partner of C-terminal-binding protein (CtBP). It is considered to contribute to the transcriptional repression and cell cycle regulatory properties of the retinoblastoma (Rb) family of proteins and to have a role in the cellular response to DNA damage. Here, we have shown(More)
The ATP demand required for muscle development is accommodated by elevations in mitochondrial biogenesis, through the co-ordinated activities of the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. The most important transcriptional activator of the mitochondrial genome is mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam); however, the regulation of Tfam expression during(More)