Michael Shellenberger

Learn More
The mechanism by which early lead exposure alters the functional development of the brain remains an open question. One primary avenue of approach has been to study the effects of neonatal lead exposure on neurotransmitter systems. This paper reviews the published data related to the interaction of lead with each of those systems. Further, each dosing(More)
Despite its relative youth (less than two decades), the ecological footprint (EF) is a commonly used term in environmental science, policy discussions, and popular discourse. The motivation behind the concept is sound—we must account for, and quantify, the impacts of humanity on Earth's ecosystems if we are to manage the planet sustainably for the benefit(More)
Perinatal factors causing distress or trauma to the neonate are often linked to behavioral abnormalities in development and later life; however, little is known of the long-term effects of these experiences on neurotransmitter systems. This study used carbon monoxide exposure to produce a slow onset and recovery hypoxic episode of two hours in 5-day-old rat(More)
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ven as adaptation has more recently gained mainstream acceptance as an unavoidable response to rising global temperatures, it continues to be a sideshow to the main event of limiting greenhouse gas emissions through international climate negotiations. This misses enormous opportunities for effective action to reduce human suffering due to(More)
Max Luke is an energy and climate policy expert whose research at the Breakthrough Institute included coauthoring Our High-Energy Planet and Coal Killer: How Natural Gas Fuels the Clean Energy Revolution. He is currently pursuing a master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where his research is focused on how innovative companies in the(More)
The Formal Comment by Rees and Wackernagel [1] raises our concern that this exchange will confuse readers. For this reason, we aim to emphasize a few key points that we believe cannot be disputed. First, the entire global ecological overshoot (footprint of consumption in excess of biocapacity) results from carbon dioxide emissions reframed as the(More)
No technology is more enshrouded in myth than nuclear energy. The urgency of addressing global poverty and reducing emissions demands that we consider this technology without ideological blinders. The basic facts of the technology — both good and bad — must be confronted. This Breakthrough Institute Frequently Asked Questions is backed by primary sources(More)