Bruce P Hermann36
Kevin Dabbs19
Jana E Jones19
36Bruce P Hermann
19Kevin Dabbs
19Jana E Jones
Learn More
Neuropsychological studies of temporal lobe epilepsy have focused heavily on the nature and extent of memory dysfunction and its relationship to the neuropathological status of the hippocampus and related mesial temporal lobe structures. In this study, we examined whole brain and lobar quantitative MRI volumes and comprehensive neuropsychological(More)
The orienting of visual-spatial attention is fundamental to most organisms and is controlled through external (exogenous) or internal (endogenous) processes. Exogenous orienting is considered to be reflexive and automatic, whereas endogenous orienting refers to the purposeful allocation of attentional resources to a predetermined location in space. Although(More)
This event-related fMRI experiment examined the neural substrates of exogenous visuospatial attention. Exogenous attention produces a biphasic response pattern denoted by facilitation at short cue-target intervals and inhibition of return (IOR) at longer intervals. Whereas the volitional orienting of attention has been well described in the literature, the(More)
Evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) is associated with the maintenance of cognitive function across the lifespan. In contrast, the apolipoproteinE-ε4 (APOE-ε4) allele, a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), is associated with impaired cognitive function. The objective of this study was to examine the interactive effects of PA and(More)
PURPOSE Thalamofrontal abnormalities have been identified in chronic primary generalized epilepsy, specifically in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). These regions also underlie executive functioning, although their relationship has yet to be examined in JME. This study examined the relationship between thalamic and frontal volumes and executive function in(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the neurodevelopmental correlates of childhood-onset temporal lobe epilepsy on brain structure and cognition compared with late-onset chronic temporal lobe epilepsy and healthy controls. METHODS Healthy controls (n = 62) and patients with early (n = 37) versus late (n = 16) age at onset of temporal lobe epilepsy were compared with(More)
Recent research has suggested that childhood onset of localization-related (focal) temporal lobe epilepsy is associated with a generalized adverse effect on cognition and brain structure, especially cerebral white matter volume. This study examined the neurodevelopmental impact of childhood onset epilepsy on corpus callosum volume and the cognitive(More)
The effect of physical activity (PA) on functional brain activation for semantic memory in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) was examined using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging during fame discrimination. Significantly greater semantic memory activation occurred in the left caudate of High- versus Low-PA patients, (P=0.03),(More)
Person identification represents a unique category of semantic knowledge that is commonly impaired in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but has received relatively little investigation in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The current study examined the retrieval of semantic knowledge for famous names from three time epochs (recent, remote, and(More)
A new literature is now under way, one linking cognitive abnormalities directly to indices of structural, functional, metabolic, and other neurobiologic markers of cerebral integrity, independent of their association with clinical epilepsy characteristics. These trends are reviewed in this article. The focus is on temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) as a model(More)