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Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 (LB400), a well studied, effective polychlorinated biphenyl-degrader, has one of the two largest known bacterial genomes and is the first nonpathogenic Burkholderia isolate sequenced. From an evolutionary perspective, we find significant differences in functional specialization between the three replicons of LB400, as well as a(More)
The response of the obligate acidophilic bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidans to external pH changes is reported. When T. ferrooxidans cells grown at pH 1.5 were shifted to pH 3.5, there were several changes in the general protein synthesis pattern, including a large stimulation of the synthesis of a 36-kDa protein (p36). The apparent low isoelectric point(More)
The attack by the bph-encoded biphenyl dioxygenase of Burkholderia sp. strain LB400 on a number of symmetrical ortho-substituted biphenyls or quasi ortho-substituted biphenyl analogues has been investigated. 2,2'-Difluoro-, 2,2'-dibromo-, 2,2'-dinitro-, and 2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl were accepted as substrates. Dioxygenation of all of these compounds showed a(More)
Aerobic bacteria, such as Burkholderia xenovorans LB400, are able to degrade a wide range of polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs). Generally, these bacteria are not able to transform chlorobenzoates (CBAs), which accumulate during PCB degradation. In this study, the effects of CBAs on the growth, the morphology and the proteome of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 were(More)
Copper mining has led to Cu pollution in agricultural soils. In this report, the effects of Cu pollution on bacterial communities of agricultural soils from Valparaiso region, central Chile, were studied. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the 16S rRNA genes was used for the characterization of bacterial communities from Cu-polluted and(More)
The levels of phosphorylation of the chaperones DnaK and GroEL and other proteins varied when cells of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans were subjected to phosphate starvation. The phosphorylated amino acid of GroEL was found to be threonine. Our results show that not only heat shock, but also a nutrient starvation stress leads to phosphorylation of chaperones and,(More)
BACKGROUND Genome characterization of the model PCB-degrading bacterium Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 revealed the presence of eleven central pathways for aromatic compounds degradation, among them, the homogentisate and the homoprotocatechuate pathways. However, the functionality of these central pathways in strain LB400 has not been assessed and related(More)
BACKGROUND Mercury-polluted environments are often contaminated with other heavy metals. Therefore, bacteria with resistance to several heavy metals may be useful for bioremediation. Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 is a model heavy metal-resistant bacterium, but possesses a low resistance to mercury compounds. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To improve(More)
Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are toxic and persistent organic pollutants that are widely distributed in the environment. Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 is capable of degrading aerobically an unusually wide range of PCBs. However, during PCB-degradation B. xenovorans LB400 generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) that affect its viability. The aim of this study(More)
2-aminophenol (2-AP) is a toxic nitrogen-containing aromatic pollutant. Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 possess an amn gene cluster that encodes the 2-AP catabolic pathway. In this report, the functionality of the 2-aminophenol pathway of B. xenovorans strain LB400 was analyzed. The amnRJBACDFEHG cluster located at chromosome 1 encodes the enzymes for the(More)