Michael Seeger

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Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 (LB400), a well studied, effective polychlorinated biphenyl-degrader, has one of the two largest known bacterial genomes and is the first nonpathogenic Burkholderia isolate sequenced. From an evolutionary perspective, we find significant differences in functional specialization between the three replicons of LB400, as well as a(More)
The response of the obligate acidophilic bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidans to external pH changes is reported. When T. ferrooxidans cells grown at pH 1.5 were shifted to pH 3.5, there were several changes in the general protein synthesis pattern, including a large stimulation of the synthesis of a 36-kDa protein (p36). The apparent low isoelectric point(More)
Metabolism of 21 chlorobiphenyls by the enzymes of the upper biphenyl catabolic pathway encoded by the bph locus of Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400 was investigated by using recombinant strains harboring gene cassettes containing bphABC or bphABCD. The enzymes of the upper pathway were generally able to metabolize mono- and dichlorinated biphenyls but only(More)
Microbial metabolism is responsible for the removal of persistent organic pollutants including PCBs from the environment. Anaerobic dehalogenation of highly chlorinated congeners in aquatic sediments is an important process, and recent evidence has indicated that Dehalococcoides and related organisms are predominantly responsible for this process. Such(More)
Burkholderia sp. strain LB400 is one of the most potent aerobic polychlorobiphenyl (PCB)-degrading microorganisms that have been characterized. Its PCB-dioxygenating activity originates predominantly or exclusively from the biphenyl dioxygenase encoded by its bph gene cluster. Analysis of the dioxygenation products of several di- to pentachlorinated(More)
Copper mining has led to Cu pollution in agricultural soils. In this report, the effects of Cu pollution on bacterial communities of agricultural soils from Valparaiso region, central Chile, were studied. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the 16S rRNA genes was used for the characterization of bacterial communities from Cu-polluted and(More)
The genome of the acidophilic, proteobacterium Acidithiobacillusferrooxidans, contains linked but divergently oriented genes, termed afel and afeR, whose predicted protein products are significantly similar to the LuxI and LuxR families of proteins. A possible promoter and Lux box are predicted upstream of afel. A cloned copy of afel, expressed in E. coli,(More)
The relevance of the β-proteobacterial Burkholderiales order in the degradation of a vast array of aromatic compounds, including several priority pollutants, has been largely assumed. In this review, the presence and organization of genes encoding oxygenases involved in aromatics biodegradation in 80 Burkholderiales genomes is analysed. This genomic(More)
We report the effects of 4-chlorobiphenyl and biphenyl on the physiology, morphology and proteome of the polychlorobiphenyl-degrader Burkholderia xenovorans LB400. The exposure to 4-chlorobiphenyl decreases the growth of LB400 on glucose, and cells exhibit irregular outer membranes, a larger periplasmic space and electron-dense granules in the cytoplasm.(More)
The attack by the bph-encoded biphenyl dioxygenase of Burkholderia sp. strain LB400 on a number of symmetrical ortho-substituted biphenyls or quasi ortho-substituted biphenyl analogues has been investigated. 2,2'-Difluoro-, 2,2'-dibromo-, 2,2'-dinitro-, and 2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl were accepted as substrates. Dioxygenation of all of these compounds showed a(More)