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  • M S Pepper
  • 2001
Extracellular proteolysis is an absolute requirement for new blood vessel formation (angiogenesis). This review examines the role of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and plasminogen activator (PA)-plasmin systems during angiogenesis. Specifically, a role for gelatinases (MMP-2, MMP-9), membrane-type 1 MMP (MMP-14), the urokinase-type PA receptor, and PA(More)
Expression of the polyoma virus middle T (mT) oncogene in vivo is associated with a profound subversion of normal vascular development, which results in the formation of endothelial tumors (hemangiomas). In an attempt to understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon, we have investigated, in an in vitro system, the morphogenetic(More)
Migration of undifferentiated neural progenitors is critical for the development and repair of the nervous system. However, the mechanisms and factors that regulate migration are not well understood. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, a major angiogenic factor, guides the directed migration of neural progenitors that do not(More)
The formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) is critical for the growth of tumours and is a dominant feature in various angiogenic diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, haemangiomas and psoriasis. Recognition of the potential therapeutic benefits of controlling pathological angiogenesis has led to a search for angiogenesis inhibitors. Here(More)
Tightly controlled proteolytic degradation of the extracellular matrix by invading microvascular endothelial cells is believed to be a necessary component of the angiogenic process. We have previously demonstrated the induction of plasminogen activators (PAs) in bovine microvascular endothelial (BME) cells by three agents that induce angiogenesis in vitro:(More)
Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) is a ligand for the endothelial cell tyrosine kinase receptor Tie2 and counteracts blood vessel maturation/stability mediated by angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), the other known ligand of Tie2. Using degenerate oligonucleotides and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we have screened bovine microvascular endothelial (BME), aortic,(More)
South Africa, like many other developing countries, stands to benefit from novel diagnostics and drugs developed by pharmacogenomics guidance due to high prevalence of disease burden in the region. This includes both communicable (e.g., HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis) and non-communicable (e.g., diabetes and cardiovascular) diseases. For example, although only(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The multipotent stem cell component of MSC isolates is able to differentiate into derivatives of the mesodermal lineage including adipocytes, osteocytes, chondrocytes, and myocytes. Many common pathways have been described in the regulation of(More)
The lymphatic system is the primary pathway of metastasis for most human cancers. Recent research efforts in studying lymphangiogenesis have suggested the existence of a relationship between lymphatic vessel density and patient survival. However, current methodology of lymphangiogenesis quantification is still characterised by high intra- and interobserver(More)