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Two murine monoclonal antibodies (CL-3 and CL-37, both F(ab')2) to human endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) were found to react immunohistochemically with rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells that had been pretreated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha). CL-3, but not CL-37, blocked in vitro adherence of neutrophils to TNF alpha-treated(More)
OBJECTIVES Minimally invasive endoscopic treatment of emphysema could provide palliation with less risk than lung volume reduction surgery and offer therapy to patients currently not considered for lung volume reduction surgery. The Intrabronchial Valve is used to block bronchial airflow in the most emphysematous areas of lung. METHODS Patients with(More)
Rapid translocation of P-selectin (GMP-140) from cytoplasmic granules to the cell membrane of endothelial cells promotes adhesive interactions with neutrophils which, when activated, damage the endothelium. The role of P-selectin in lung vascular endothelial injury in rats after systemic activation of complement by intravenous infusion of cobra venom factor(More)
Complement activation is an important step for triggering of acute inflammatory reactions. Soluble human recombinant complement receptor type 1 (sCR1) blocks complement activation by both classical and alternative pathways. In addition to glycogen-induced peritonitis, three models of complement-dependent acute inflammatory injury have been used to assess(More)
Nitric oxide (NO.), a free radical that is generated from L-arginine by stimulated endothelial cells, neutrophils, activated macrophages, and other cell types, reacts with superoxide anion (O2.-) to form peroxynitrite, which itself may be tissue toxic or can then react further to form the highly reactive and toxic hydroxyl radical (HO.). Because vascular(More)
Requirements for leukocyte adhesion molecules as well as cytokines have been determined in the rat model of acute nephrotoxic nephritis. Proteinuria (at 24 h) and neutrophil accumulation in renal glomeruli (at 6 h) have been used as the endpoints. For full accumulation in glomeruli of neutrophils as well as full development of proteinuria, requirements have(More)
The complement activation product, C5a, may play a key role in the acute inflammatory response. Polyclonal antibody to rat C5a was used to define the requirements for C5a in neutrophil-dependent inflammatory lung injury after systemic activation of complement by cobra venom factor (CVF) or after intrapulmonary deposition of IgG immune complexes. In the CVF(More)
OBJECTIVES Statins are lipid-lowering drugs with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This study explores the potential of these commonly prescribed agents to ameliorate lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS Left lungs of Long-Evans rats were rendered ischemic for 90 minutes and reperfused for up to 4 hours. Treated animals received(More)
Lung injury following deposition of IgG immune complexes is neutrophil-dependent and requires both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and CD18. In the current studies, we have evaluated the relationship between TNF alpha and expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in vitro and in vivo. In both rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells and(More)
IL-8 belongs to the family of chemotactic cytokines and may play an important role in the inflammatory response. In the current studies, a murine mAb (DM/C7) to human rIL-8 was found to have protective effects in inflammatory lung injury in rats. DM/C7 was nonreactive with the rat cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant peptide. In vivo, DM/C7 blocked(More)