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On December 13th and 14th a group of scientists and clinicians met in Washington, DC, for the cachexia consensus conference. At the present time, there is no widely agreed upon operational definition of cachexia. The lack of a definition accepted by clinician and researchers has limited identification and treatment of cachectic patient as well as the(More)
The recent debate over legalization of physician-assisted suicide has fueled interest in understanding factors that lead medically ill patients to seek a hastened death. The authors investigated the prevalence and predictors of desire for hastened death in 372 patients with advanced AIDS who were newly admitted to a palliative-care facility. Clinician-rated(More)
Previous studies suggest that the ways in which parents respond to children's health complaints (reinforcement) and the ways in which they cope with their own illnesses (modeling) influence the frequency of symptoms, disability days, and health care visits made by these children when they grow up. However, previous studies have not controlled for the(More)
The aims of this study were to determine whether increased pain sensitivity in patients with irritable bowel is due to physiological differences in perceptual sensitivity or psychological influences on perception, and whether prior sexual abuse accounts for increased pain sensitivity. Seventeen sexually abused and 15 nonabused women with irritable bowel(More)
Tumors of the liver and biliary tree, mainly hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma, are the second leading cause of cancer related death worldwide and the sixth leading cause of cancer related death among men in developed countries. Recent developments in biomarkers and imaging modalities have enhanced early detection and accurate diagnosis of(More)
OBJECT The authors conducted a study to determine the results of decompressive surgery without fusion in selected patients who presented with radicular compression syndromes caused by degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and in whom there was no evidence of hypermobility on flexion-extension radiographs. METHODS The medical records and radiographs(More)
The stability of physiological activity in the distal colon was investigated by recording 5-6 hours in each of 6 healthy adults. Contractions and myoelectric slow waves were recorded from the sigmoid colon (25-30 cm from the skin surface) and rectum (10-15 cm), and pressure waves were recorded from the proximal small intestine. The activity index (sum of(More)
Psychogeriatric patients are mentally affected by a heterogeneous group of diseases, traditionally classified as functional or organic brain disorders (OBDs). Here, we evaluate screening procedures with respect to revelation of underlying OBD. Fifty consecutive patients admitted to a psychogeriatric unit dedicated to late-onset psychiatric disease were(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion of allogeneic blood influences outcome after surgery. Despite widespread availability of transfusion guidelines, transfusion practices might vary among physicians, departments, hospitals and countries. Our aim was to determine the amount of packed red blood cells (pRBC) and blood products transfused intraoperatively, and to describe(More)