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A better understanding of learning processes in arithmetic in healthy adults can guide research into learning disabilities such as dyscalculia. The goal of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to investigate the ongoing process of learning itself. No training was provided prior to the scanning session. Training consisted in a higher(More)
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND Routine MRI as well as MR volumetry and MRS have been shown to contribute to the differential diagnosis of the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and PD. However, it is currently unknown whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) discriminates these disorders. METHODS Ten patients with MSA-P (mean age, 64 years)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) present with atypical parkinsonism, which may be misdiagnosed as PD, particularly in early disease stages. It was previously shown that diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is a sensitive tool to discriminate MSA-P from PD based on increased(More)
We have recently shown that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (DWI) discriminates patients with the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) from those with Parkinson's disease (PD) by regional apparent diffusion coefficients (rADC) in the putamen. Because rADCs measured in one direction may underestimate diffusion-related(More)
BACKGROUND Frontal lobe atrophy is a well known neuropathological feature of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), accompanied by characteristic neuropsychological deficits. OBJECTIVE To determine subregional frontal lobe atrophy patterns in patients with PSP using voxel based morphometry (VBM). METHODS VBM is an observer unbiased volumetry which allows(More)
Using magnetic resonance (MR) planimetry, both the midbrain-to-pontine area ratio (m/p-ratio) and the MR parkinsonism index (MRPI) have been shown to assist in the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD) and the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P). The aim of this study was to determine(More)
OBJECT In this retrospective study, the authors analyzed the frequency, anatomical distribution, and appearance of traumatic brain lesions in 42 patients in a posttraumatic persistent vegetative state. METHODS Cerebral magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was used to detect the number of lesions, which ranged from as few as five to as many as 19, with a mean(More)
OBJECTIVE We applied diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) including measurements of mean diffusivity (MD), a parameter of brain tissue integrity, fractional anisotropy (FA), a parameter of neuronal fiber integrity, as well as voxel-based morphometry (VBM), a measure of gray and white matter volume, to detect brain tissue changes in patients with idiopathic rapid(More)
The differential diagnosis of parkinsonian syndromes is considered one of the most challenging in neurology, even for movement disorder specialists. Despite published consensus operational criteria for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and the various atypical parkinsonian disorders (APDs) such as progressive supranuclear palsy, multiple system(More)
To determine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of brain atrophy in parkinsonian syndromes, we applied voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to segmented gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid compartments of T(1)-weighted brain volumes of 12 patients with probable multiple system atrophy-parkinson variant (MSA-P) and 12 Parkinson's disease(More)