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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) present with atypical parkinsonism, which may be misdiagnosed as PD, particularly in early disease stages. It was previously shown that diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is a sensitive tool to discriminate MSA-P from PD based on increased(More)
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND Routine MRI as well as MR volumetry and MRS have been shown to contribute to the differential diagnosis of the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and PD. However, it is currently unknown whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) discriminates these disorders. METHODS Ten patients with MSA-P (mean age, 64 years)(More)
PURPOSE To determine the ability of dynamic ultrasonography (US) to depict finger pulley injuries in extreme rock climbers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-four extreme rock climbers (climbing levels 8-11 on a scale ranging from 1 to 11; Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme) with finger injuries (75 symptomatic and 181 asymptomatic fingers) were(More)
We applied voxel-based morphometry, an indirect volumetric technique, to MRI volumes of patients carrying the spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 mutation to determine patterns of brain atrophy. Nine patients were compared to 27 controls matched for age, sex and handedness. An optimised voxel-based morphometry protocol was used for pre-processing to minimize(More)
A better understanding of learning processes in arithmetic in healthy adults can guide research into learning disabilities such as dyscalculia. The goal of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to investigate the ongoing process of learning itself. No training was provided prior to the scanning session. Training consisted in a higher(More)
BACKGROUND Frontal lobe atrophy is a well known neuropathological feature of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), accompanied by characteristic neuropsychological deficits. OBJECTIVE To determine subregional frontal lobe atrophy patterns in patients with PSP using voxel based morphometry (VBM). METHODS VBM is an observer unbiased volumetry which allows(More)
BACKGROUND Absence of a hyperintense, ovoid area within the dorsolateral border of the otherwise hypointense pars compacta of the substantia nigra (referred to as dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity) on iron-sensitive high-field magnetic resonance imaging sequences seems to be a typical finding for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE This(More)
We have recently shown that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (DWI) discriminates patients with the Parkinson variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) from those with Parkinson's disease (PD) by regional apparent diffusion coefficients (rADC) in the putamen. Because rADCs measured in one direction may underestimate diffusion-related(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps to distinguish anti-vascular and anti-tumor effects in the course of anti-angiogenic treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas (rHGG) as compared to standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This retrospective study analyzed ADC maps from diffusion-weighted MRI in 14 rHGG(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The clinical differentiation between Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonian disorders (APD) remains a challenge for every neurologist. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and different advanced MRI techniques offer the potential for objective criteria in the differential diagnosis of neurodegenerative parkinsonism. The aim(More)