Michael Schnoor

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Macrophages derived from human blood monocytes perform many tasks related to tissue injury and repair. The main effect of macrophages on the extracellular matrix is considered to be destructive in nature, because macrophages secrete metalloproteinases and ingest foreign material as part of the remodeling process that occurs in wound healing and other(More)
Neutrophil extravasation and the regulation of vascular permeability require dynamic actin rearrangements in the endothelium. In this study, we analyzed in vivo whether these processes require the function of the actin nucleation-promoting factor cortactin. Basal vascular permeability for high molecular weight substances was enhanced in cortactin-deficient(More)
The molecular mechanism underlying milk fat globule secretion in mammary epithelial cells ostensibly involves the formation of complexes between plasma membrane butyrophilin and cytosolic xanthine oxidoreductase. These complexes bind adipophilin in the phospholipid monolayer of milk secretory granules, the precursors of milk fat globules, enveloping the(More)
We studied the distribution of the PAT family proteins TIP47 and adipophilin in lipid bodies of THP-1 cell-derived macrophages using freeze-fracture immunolabeling and other techniques. Lipid bodies in macrophages comprise lipid droplets and extensive, previously scantily characterized sheet-like organelles, which we descriptively call "lipid sails." TIP47(More)
RASL11B is a member of the small GTPase protein family with a high degree of similarity to RAS proteins. Cloning of RASL11B mRNA and in silico analyses revealed that the human RASL11B gene spans about 4.5 kb and comprises four exons on chromosomal locus 4q12. The proximal 5'-flanking region of the gene lacks a TATA box but is GC-rich and contains a CCAAT(More)
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic that is characterized not only by excessive fat deposition but also by systemic microinflammation, high oxidative stress, and increased cardiovascular risk factors. While diets enriched in natural antioxidants showed beneficial effects on oxidative stress, blood pressure, and serum lipid composition, diet supplementation with(More)
SMAP-5 is a member of the five-pass transmembrane protein family localizing in the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum. These proteins have been implicated in intracellular trafficking, in secretion and in vesicular transport. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that SMAP-5 is a member of a small Rab GTPase interacting factor protein family. The human(More)
Leukocyte migration occurs as a response to inflammatory signals and is an efficient host defense mechanism against invading pathogens. This innate defense response includes transendothelial and transepithelial migration of leukocytes to facilitate clearance of inflammatory stimuli. The endothelium lines the vascular system and forms the first barrier for(More)
Different substances such as dimethyl sulfoxide, tetramethylene sulfoxide, 2-pyrollidone, and the naturally occurring compatible solute betaine enhance PCR amplification of GC-rich DNA templates with high melting temperatures. In particular, cyclic compatible solutes outperform traditional PCR enhancers. We therefore investigated the effects that cyclic(More)
Macrophages are an important part of the cellular immune system and play a key role during immune responses. Thus, macrophages are interesting targets in basic and clinical research. Primary monocytes or monocyte-derived macrophages do not proliferate on a suitable scale so that their use for functional studies in vitro is limited. Immortal proliferating(More)