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The linear scale invariance of the multivariate alteration detection (MAD) transformation is used to obtain invariant pixels for automatic relative radiometric normalization of time series of multispectral data. Normalization by means of ordinary least squares regression method is compared with normalization using orthogonal regression. The procedure is(More)
The efficient realization of self-organizing systems based on 2D stencil code applications, like our developed Marching Pixel algorithms, is a great challenge. They are data-intensive and also computational-intensive, because often a high number of iterations is required. FPGAs are predestined for the realization of these algorithms. They are very flexible,(More)
Path Planning is one of the most computationally intensive tasks in robot systems and a challenge in dynamically changing environments. By means of FPGAs it is possible to process time-critical and data-intensive tasks in robot systems efficiently. We have developed a parallel path planning algorithm which is based on Marching Pixels, an organic computing(More)
Relevant parameters for the hardening of acid catalyzed and water based adhesives (e.g. MUF) are certain wood characteristics such as water absorption capacity, pH-value, buffering capacity towards acid and extractive content. This study was performed to characterize these parameters for beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) with and(More)
We describe the combination of a polarimetric pressure sensor with a two-wavelength passive quadrature demodulation system allowing for dynamic pressure sensing in the 10-MPa range with unambiguous fringe counting. Furthermore, continuous phase measurement with the arctan method applied to the quadrature interference signals after automatic offset(More)
A three-wavelength-based passive quadrature digital phase-demodulation scheme has been developed for readout of fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer vibration, acoustic, and strain sensors. This scheme uses a superluminescent diode light source with interference filters in front of the photodiodes and real-time arctan calculation. Quasi-static(More)
A fiber-optic polarimetric strain sensor of l(S)=10-cm sensing length with three-wavelength passive quadrature digital phase demodulation is investigated. The demodulation unit uses a superluminescent diode light source with narrow-band interference filters in front of the photodiodes and real-time processing of the interference intensities by an(More)
Glass welding by ultrashort laser pulses allows joining without the need of an absorber or a preheating and postheating process. However, cracks generated during the welding process substantially impair the joining strength of the welding seams. In this paper a sample preparation method is described that prevents the formation of cracks. The measured(More)
This article provides a survey on modern methods of regional gravity field modeling on the sphere. Starting with the classical theory of spherical harmonics, we outline the transition towards space-localizing methods such as spherical splines and wavelets. Special emphasis is given to the relations among these methods, which all involve radial base(More)
A fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensor (EFPI-S) of ls = 2.5 cm sensor length using three-wavelength digital phase demodulation is demonstrated to exhibit <50 pm displacement resolution (<2nm/m strain resolution) when measuring the cross expansion of a PZT-ceramic plate. The sensing (single-mode downlead-) and reflecting fibers are(More)