Learn More
Genetic variants of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) have been associated with aggression-, anxiety-, and addiction-related behavior in several nonclinical and clinical populations. Here, we investigated the influence of allelic variation of MAOA activity on aggression-related personality traits and disease risk in patients with personality disorders.(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the comparative efficacy and safety of venlafaxine extended release (ER) and fluoxetine in the acute and continuation phases of treatment. METHODS In this multicenter, double-blind study, outpatients with recurrent unipolar major depression were randomly assigned to receive venlafaxine ER (75-300 mg/day; n = 821) or fluoxetine(More)
SNARE complex formation among syntaxin 1, VAMP 2, and SNAP-25 triggers fusion of synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic plasma membrane. After fusion the SNARE complex is disassembled by NSF and alpha-SNAP. These reactions have already been characterized with recombinant proteins lacking the authentic protein modifications. To study the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond lung cancer, screening CT contains additional information on other smoking related diseases (e.g. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD). Since pulmonary function testing is not regularly incorporated in lung cancer screening, imaging biomarkers for COPD are likely to provide important surrogate measures for disease evaluation.(More)
Prosodic expression is an important channel of emotional communication and can be assessed through computerized acoustical analysis. Fundamental frequency (F0) is the most commonly studied acoustic measure and considered the best index of perceived pitch. In this study, we examined two factors that can influence prosodic expression, sex and emotion type. A(More)
The aim of this investigation was to determine whether depressive coping and depression predict shorter survival among lung cancer patients. We conducted a prospective study using an inception cohort with a 3-5-year follow-up. The sample consisted of n = 59 (of n = 69 invited to participate) patients (mean age 65 years, S.D. = 9.7; 81% male) newly diagnosed(More)
Synaptotagmin I, the calcium sensor for neurotransmission, is palmitoylated. We have identified the palmitoylation sites as five cysteine residues located between the transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions. In contrast to wild-type synaptotagmin, the non-acylated mutant is not converted to the endoglycosidase-H-resistant form after expression in CV-1 cells.(More)
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) cells(More)
Studying physiology and pathophysiology over a broad population for long periods of time is difficult primarily because collecting human physiologic data can be intrusive, dangerous, and expensive. One solution is to use data that have been collected for a different purpose. Electronic health record (EHR) data promise to support the development and testing(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the anti-inflammatory and anabolic effects of regulated expression of IL-4 in chondrocyte-scaffolds under in vitro inflammatory conditions. METHODS Mature articular chondrocytes from dogs (n = 3) were conditioned through transient transfection using pcDNA3.1.cIL-4 (constitutive) or pCOX-2.cIL-4 (cytokine-responsive) plasmids.(More)