Michael Schlesier

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Hypogammaglobulinemia is the hallmark of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) syndrome, a heterogeneous disorder predisposing patients to recurrent bacterial infections. In this study, we investigated the peripheral B-cell compartment of 30 well-characterized CVID patients in comparison to 22 healthy controls. Flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood(More)
The heterogeneity of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) calls for a classification addressing pathogenic mechanisms as well as clinical relevance. This European multicenter trial was initiated to develop a consensus of 2 existing classification schemes based on flowcytometric B-cell phenotyping and the clinical course. The clinical evaluation of 303(More)
The functional interaction of BAFF and APRIL with TNF receptor superfamily members BAFFR, TACI and BCMA is crucial for development and maintenance of humoral immunity in mice and humans. Using a candidate gene approach, we identified homozygous and heterozygous mutations in TNFRSF13B, encoding TACI, in 13 individuals with common variable immunodeficiency.(More)
ICOS is expressed on activated T cells and particularly on CXCR5+ follicular Th cells in germinal centers (GC). Its deletion leads to a profound deficiency in memory B cell formation and switched Ab response in humans. Here, we show that in ICOS-deficient patients the generation of GCs is severely disturbed, and the numbers of circulating CXCR5+CD45RO+(More)
No genetic defect is known to cause common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), a heterogeneous human disorder leading to adult-onset panhypogammaglobulinemia. In a search for CVID candidate proteins, we found four of 32 patients to lack ICOS, the "inducible costimulator" on activated T cells, due to an inherited homozygous deletion in the ICOS gene. T cells(More)
A hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the production of autoantibodies. Recent reports suggest an abnormal peripheral blood B cell homeostasis in SLE patients without being conclusive. We analyzed by four color flow-cytometry peripheral blood B cell subpopulations of SLE patients, healthy donors, and patients with other systemic autoimmune(More)
B-cell survival depends on signals induced by B-cell activating factor (BAFF) binding to its receptor (BAFF-R). In mice, mutations in BAFF or BAFF-R cause B-cell lymphopenia and antibody deficiency. Analyzing BAFF-R expression and BAFF-binding to B cells in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients, we identified two siblings carrying a homozygous(More)
The homozygous deletion of the inducible costimulator (ICOS), an activation-induced member of the CD28 family on T cells, causes an antibody deficiency syndrome in affected humans. The identification of a total of 9 ICOS-deficient patients revealed that this monogenic disease comprises the full clinical phenotype described for common variable(More)
A soluble form of the complement receptor CD21 (sCD21) is shed from the lymphocyte surface. The amount of sCD21 in serum may modulate immunity as sCD21 levels are correlated with several clinical conditions. We report here the serum levels of sCD21 in juvenile arthritis (JA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Using(More)
BACKGROUND Complement receptor 2 (CR2/CD21) is part of the B-cell coreceptor and expressed by mature B cells and follicular dendritic cells. CD21 is a receptor for C3d-opsonized immune complexes and enhances antigen-specific B-cell responses. OBJECTIVE Genetic inactivation of the murine CR2 locus results in impaired humoral immune responses. Here we(More)