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The filamentous spirally coiled cyanoprokaryote Arthrospira fusiformis is found in extremely high densities in tropical soda lakes acting as driving force of the food web. We studied pronounced temporal morphological changes of Arthrospira in Kenyan soda lakes, Nakuru and Bogoria, and identified underlying key factors. Cell (diameter and height) and(More)
Trophic cascade effects occur when a food web is disrupted by loss or significant reduction of one or more of its members. In East African Rift Valley lakes, the Lesser Flamingo is on top of a short food chain. At irregular intervals, the dominance of their most important food source, the cyanobacterium Arthrospira fusiformis, is interrupted. Bacteriophages(More)
The present study reviews the options of cultivating the green alga, Chlorella emersonii, under photoautotrophic conditions with flue gas derived from a cement plant. It was conducted in the Lafarge Perlmooser plant in Retznei, Austria, where stone coal and various surrogate fuels such as used tyres, plastics and meat-and-bone meal are incinerated for(More)
This study, carried out between November 2003 and February 2005, aimed to investigate the temporal trends of conductivity, ions, nutrient concentrations and phytoplankton biomass expressed as chlorophyll a in the Kenyan Rift Valley saline-alkaline lakes namely Nakuru, Bogoria and Elmentaita. The influence of environmental variables on phytoplankton biomass(More)
We hypothesised that changes in nutritional composition and quality of the pelagic phytoplankton community influence the occurrence of Lesser Flamingo populations in two Kenyan saline–alkaline lakes, Nakuru and Bogoria. This was achieved by carrying out a detailed time series assessment of the phytoplankton community composition and nutritional components(More)
We studied nine small man-made reservoirs located in different climate regions of Kenya to get an insight into the relationship between phytoplankton community structure and its environment. The investigated ponds form three groups of three reservoirs each found in the rural areas of Machakos district, Mount Kenya region, and Lake Victoria area with varied(More)
This study investigated carotenoid and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) contents under two different growth irradiances in four freshwater cyanobacterial strains. We found an increased weight ratio of zeaxanthin to Chl-a after exposure to high irradiances over several days. Two out of four strains showed higher zeaxanthin amounts on a biomass basis as well. It appears(More)
A three-year project on the benthic community of salt pans (shallow saline lakes) in the Seewinkel area of Eastern Austria has been carried out since 1996. Most of the salt pans investigated are very shallow (mean depth mostly < 0.5 m), highly alkaline and inorganically turbid. Salinity ranged from 1.6 to 4.5 g l-1in 1996 and 1997, but reached its highest(More)
We investigated the feeding behaviour of the dominant microzooplankton of saline lakes in the East African Rift Valley. A set of grazing experiments revealed high ingestion rates of the two euryhaline rotifers Brachionus dimidiatus and Brachionus plicatilis and of the large-sized omnivorous ciliates Frontonia sp. and Condylostoma magnum reflecting the(More)