Michael Schaeper

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OBJECTIVES To ensure safety and health the avoidance of adverse chemosensory effects is essential at workplaces where volatile chemicals are used. The present study describes psychophysical approaches that provide information for the evaluation of such effects. METHODS By means of a modified staircase procedure the odor (OT) and irritation thresholds (IT)(More)
The review of epidemiological studies investigating the neurobehavioral effects of occupational exposure to solvent mixtures sought to contribute to the following issues: (1) Identification of affected cognitive and motor functions. (2) Identification of sensitive neuropsychological tests. (3) Analysis of exposure-effect relationships. The approach was(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous cross sectional studies on potential neurotoxic effects of long-term aluminium exposures by aluminium welders lack clear interpretable results for methodological reasons. The present longitudinal study examined on the one hand the reliability and representativity of Al-biomonitoring as indicator of individual long-term exposure and on(More)
Potential effects of human occupational exposures to toluene on colour vision were investigated in a follow-up study over 4 years with three repeated examinations. Colour vision was measured with the Lanthony desaturated colour vision test D-15d, and the colour confusion index (CCI) was calculated. The mean current exposures were 26+/-21 ppm for printers(More)
A meta-analysis for neurobehavioural test results of subjects occupationally exposed to mercury was carried out in order to find general tendencies and express possible deficits numerically. Out of 44 studies investigating neurobehavioural functions of occupationally exposed individuals, 12 studies provided the data required and were included in the(More)
Results from a meta-analysis of aggregated data provoked a new analysis using individual data on the neuropsychological performance of occupationally exposed workers. Data from eight studies examining 579 exposed and 433 reference participants were included, 28 performance variables analyzed. The performance scores were adjusted for well-known(More)
The conclusions from published results about neurotoxic effects of inorganic lead exposures <700 µg lead/l blood are contradictory at present. Effects measured by neurobehavioural methods are evaluated differently as far as recommendations for a Biological Exposure Index (BEI) of occupational lead exposure are concerned. Arguments against the German BEI of(More)
N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) is a versatile organic solvent frequently used for surface cleaning such as paint stripping or graffiti removal. Liquid NMP is rapidly absorbed through the skin but dermal vapour phase absorption might also play an important role for the uptake of the solvent. This particular aspect was investigated in an experimental study with(More)
The aim of the analysis was, in general, to find a way to summarise results of studies in search of exposure-response relationships and, in particular, to ask whether an exposure-response relationship can be ascertained for neurobehavioural studies on occupational mercury exposure. Eighteen studies dealing with human mercury exposure and examining 1,106(More)
Two experimental studies were conducted with the intention to simulate exposure characteristics of work places with styrene exposure and to investigate the risk for neurobehavioral impairments. In experiment I 16 volunteers (8 in the morning, 8 in the afternoon) were exposed to 0.5 and 20 ppm styrene on a constant level for 3h. In experiment II 24(More)