Michael Schöll

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OBJECTIVES The detection of the hemodynamic and propagation patterns of spreading depolarizations (SDs) in the gyrencephalic brain using intrinsic optical signal imaging (IOS). METHODS The convexity of the brain surface was surgically exposed in fourteen male swine. Within the boundaries of this window, brains were immersed and preconditioned with an(More)
A modern understanding of how cerebral cortical lesions develop after acute brain injury is based on Aristides Leão's historic discoveries of spreading depression and asphyxial/anoxic depolarization. Treated as separate entities for decades, we now appreciate that these events define a continuum of spreading mass depolarizations, a concept that is central(More)
Haemodynamic responses to spreading depolarizations (SDs) have an important role during the development of secondary brain damage. Characterization of the haemodynamic responses in larger brains, however, is difficult due to movement artefacts. Intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging, laser speckle flowmetry (LSF) and electrocorticography were performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE We correlated oxygen, flow, and pressure indices of cerebrovascular reactivity (CR) with extracellular cerebral metabolite concentrations in a porcine model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Continuous advanced multimodal monitoring including microdialysis, cerebral blood flow and P(br)O(2) probes were placed 1 cm in front of the(More)
Spreading depolarizations (SD) are waves of abrupt, near-complete breakdown of neuronal transmembrane ion gradients, are the largest possible pathophysiologic disruption of viable cerebral gray matter, and are a crucial mechanism of lesion development. Spreading depolarizations are increasingly recorded during multimodal neuromonitoring in neurocritical(More)
Spreading depolarization (SD) is a wave of mass neuronal and glial depolarization that propagates across the cerebral cortex and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of brain injury states and migraine with aura. Analgesics and sedatives seem to have a significant effect on SD modulation. Studies have shown that ketamine, an NMDA receptor blocker, has(More)
OBJECTIVE Spreading depolarization (SD) occurs after traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignant hemispheric stroke and intracranial hemorrhage. SD has been associated with secondary brain injury, which can be reduced by ketamine. In this present study frequency bands of electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings were investigated with regards(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to co-record electrical changes using electrocorticography (ECoG) and blood volume changes using intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging during the induction, propagation, and termination of cortical spreading depolarizations (CSDs). METHODS Anesthetized male swine were craniotomized and monitored over 16-20 h. A(More)
Spreading depolarization (SD) generates significant alterations in cerebral haemodynamics, which can have detrimental consequences on brain function and integrity. Ketamine has shown an important capacity to modulate SD; however, its impact on SD haemodynamic response is incompletely understood. We investigated the effect of two therapeutic ketamine(More)
BACKGROUND No definitive evidence exists on how intracranial hypertension should be treated in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is therefore likely that centers and practitioners individually balance potential benefits and risks of different intracranial pressure (ICP) management strategies, resulting in practice variation. The aim of this(More)
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