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To date, long-term consequences of septic encephalopathy on cerebral metabolism, cognition, learning, and memory capabilities and factors involved are poorly understood. In this study, we used a murine sepsis model to demonstrate that bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes long-term cognitive deficits in mice. Two months after LPS treatment, wild-type(More)
AIMS Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) present with symptoms of myocardial ischaemia despite exclusion of coronary artery disease. A small vessel disease has been suggested. We quantified myocardial perfusion, perfusion reserve, and coronary vascular resistance (CVR) in AF patients using positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Cardiac Motion artifacts in PET are a well known problem. The heart undergoes two types of motion, the motion due to respiratory displacement and the motion due to cardiac contraction. These movements lead to blurring of data and to inaccuracies in the quantification. In this study a continuity equation based optical flow method is presented and results on(More)
BACKGROUND All treatments of acute myocardial infarction are aimed at rapid revascularization of the occluded vessel; however, no clinical strategies are currently available to protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury after restitution of blood flow. We hypothesized that some of the cholesterol transport-independent biological properties of(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited disorder that causes sudden death and right ventricular heart failure in the young. Clinical data suggest that competitive sports may provoke ARVC in susceptible persons. Genetically, loss-of-function mutations in desmosomal proteins (plakophilin, desmoplakin, or plakoglobin)(More)
BACKGROUND The "back-translation" of clinically available protocols to measure myocardial perfusion to preclinical imaging in mouse models of human disease is attractive for basic biomedical research. With respect to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) approaches, clinical myocardial perfusion imaging protocols are established with different(More)
Adult neurogenesis within the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle (LV) has been most intensely studied within the brains of rodents such as mice and rats. However, little is known about the cell types and processes involved in adult neurogenesis within primates such as the common(More)
BACKGROUND Septic encephalopathy is a severe brain dysfunction caused by systemic inflammation in the absence of direct brain infection. Changes in cerebral blood flow, release of inflammatory molecules and metabolic alterations contribute to neuronal dysfunction and cell death. METHODS To investigate the relation of electrophysiological, metabolic and(More)
BACKGROUND Several clinical studies have demonstrated a close association between plasma HDL cholesterol levels and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in peripheral arteries. In isolated arteries, HDL has been shown to mediate vasodilation via NO release. In vivo, administration of reconstituted HDL restored abnormal endothelial function of the brachial(More)
UNLABELLED Gating methods acquiring biosignals (such as electrocardiography [ECG] and respiration) during PET enable one to reduce motion effects that potentially lead to image blurring and artifacts. This study evaluated different cardiac and respiratory gating methods: one based on ECG signals for cardiac gating and video signals for respiratory gating; 2(More)