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INTRODUCTION Purpura fulminans (PF) is a devastating complication of uncontrolled systemic inflammation, associated with high incidence of amputations, skin grafts and death. In this study, we aimed to clarify the clinical profile of pediatric patients with PF who improved with protein C (PC) treatment, explore treatment effects and safety, and to refine(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Hemangioendothelioma is the most frequent liver tumor in infancy. Untreated symptomatic patients with heart failure have a high mortality rate. Symptomatic forms may request nonoperative treatment, because surgery is burdened with high risks in patients with heart failure. The authors report their experience with interventional coil(More)
In patients awaiting LuTx, MV and ECMO are often the last ways to create a bridge to LuTx. Both interventions are associated with a poor posttransplant outcome and survival rate. To improve the results of these patients, new "bridging-strategies" are necessary. Recent reports demonstrate promising results for the concept of "awake ECMO" in adult patients.(More)
Especially in critically ill children with cardiac diseases, fluid management and monitoring of cardiovascular function are essential. Ultrasound dilution technique (UDT) was recently introduced to measure cardiac output (CO) and volumetric parameters, such as intrathoracic and end-diastolic blood volume. We compared UDT with the well-established(More)
Levosimendan is a calcium-sensitizing agent with effective inotropic properties. It has been shown to improve cardiac function, hemodynamic performance, and survival in adults with severe heart failure. However, the effect of Levosimendan in pediatric cardiac surgery has not yet been investigated. Thus, we report on our experience with the intraoperative(More)
With the aim of determining long-term outcome, the authors approached 38 families (average 2.1 years after trauma) with a questionnaire, following the acute-clinical treatment of head trauma of their children. Long-term damage was restricted almost exclusively to patients presenting with a Glasgow Coma Score < or =8. Paresis (16%), cranial nerve damage(More)
To examine the physical properties and chemical composition of particles captured by in-line microfilters in critically ill children, and to investigate the inflammatory and cytotoxic effects of particles on endothelial cells (HUVEC) and macrophages in vitro. Prospective, observational study of microfilters following their use in the pediatric intensive(More)
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) encompasses a broad spectrum of congenital cardiac anomalies. It is characterized by underdevelopment of the left heart with significant hypoplasia of the left ventricle, including atresia, stenosis, or hypoplasia of the aortic or mitral valve, or both valves, and hypoplasia of the ascending aorta and aortic arch.1 A(More)
Particulate contamination due to infusion therapy carries a potential health risk for intensive care patients. This single-centre, prospective, randomized controlled trial assessed the effects of filtration of intravenous fluids on the reduction of complications in critically ill children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). A total of 807(More)
In July, 2003, during reinduction treatment 5 months after diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), a 4-yearold girl presented with generalised tonic-clonic seizures. She had been treated according to protocol ALL-BFM 2000. Cranial CT and analysis of cerebrospinal fl uid showed no signs of cerebral haemorrhage. Ultra sonography showed an enlarged(More)