Michael Sanchez

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We report, the first time to our knowledge, an observation of optical bistability in a Vertical-Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (VCSOA) operated in reflection mode. Counterclockwise hysteresis loops are obtained over a range of initial phase detuning and bias currents. One hysteresis loop is observed experimentally with an input power as low as 2 ìW(More)
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (Ball Aerospace) has developed a Risley Beam Pointer (RBP) mechanism capable of high pointing accuracy and operational bandwidth. The prisms offer a wide field of regard (FOR) and can be manufactured and operated with diffraction-limited optical quality. The unit is capable of steering a 4-in. diameter beam over a 72°(More)
Gay men are a vulnerable population at risk for a number of health disparities, but little is known about eating disorders among gay Hispanic men. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of eating attitudes and behaviors with alcohol abuse, body image, depression, self-esteem, and sexual behaviors to determine predictors of eating(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this review is to inform nurses on the prevalence of substance use screening with screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment; its use in the primary care setting; and its effectiveness on HIV-related risk behaviors to prevent adverse health consequences among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). REVIEW For PLWH,(More)
We model the non-linear gain characteristics of a Fabry-Perot semiconductor optical amplifier using a modified photon density rate equation. Good agreement is found with experimental results, with the simulation accurately reproducing all the major characteristics of the amplifier. To our knowledge, this is the first calculation using only the rate(More)
All-optical 2R logic regeneration is demonstrated using a vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifier. The optical switching threshold is 1 μW, with 10 dB gain and >6:1 (8dB) extinction ratio. Performance limits are also discussed. ©2003 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (190.1450) Bistability; (200.4660) Optical Logic; (250.5980) Semiconductor(More)
Various factors have compelled nurse educators to address the lack of substance use-related content in nursing curriculum. Initiatives to add this content are often met with resistance because of an already crowded curriculum. This article describes a 4-phase process that guided the integration of this specialty content into a prelicensure nursing(More)