Michael Samuel

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The aim of this study was to investigate the functional anatomy of distributed cortical and subcortical motor areas in the human brain that participate in the central control of overlearned complex sequential unimanual finger movements. On the basis of previous research in nonhuman primates, a principal involvement of basal ganglia medial premotor loops(More)
Supplementary motor area and right dorsal prefrontal cortex activation in Parkinson's disease is selectively impaired during volitional limb movements. Since posteroventral pallidotomy improves motor performance in Parkinson's disease patients 'off' medication (i.e. off medication for 9-12 h), we hypothesized that it would also concomitantly increase(More)
We used H2 15O positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate the effect of ethyl alcohol on regional cerebral blood flow in 6 patients with alcohol-responsive essential tremor and 6 age-matched control subjects. The patients were scanned while at rest and during involuntary postural tremor of the extended right arm. Normal control subjects were scanned(More)
BACKGROUND Depression and anxiety are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and although clinically important remain poorly understood and managed. To date, research has tended to treat depression and anxiety as distinct phenomena. There is growing evidence for heterogeneity in PD in the motor and cognitive domains, with implications for pathophysiology and(More)
We have studied the effects of unilateral ventral medial pallidotomy in 26 patients with medically intractable Parkinson's disease with marked drug-induced dyskinesias. Preoperatively, all patients were assessed during one 5-day admission according to the Core Assessment Programme for Intracerebral Transplantation (CAPIT) protocol, including rating in the(More)
Motor imagery paradigms can be used to investigate motor preparation. We used positron emission tomography to compare regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with Parkinson's disease and normal controls under three conditions: rest, motor imagery and motor execution. In controls, imagery activated bilateral dorsolateral and mesial frontal cortex,(More)
Parkinson's disease is heterogeneous, both in terms of motor symptoms and mood. Identifying associations between phenotypic variants of motor and mood subtypes may provide clues to understand mechanisms underlying mood disorder and symptoms in Parkinson's disease. A total of 513 patients were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and(More)
Subcutaneous apomorphine infusion (Apo) and intrajejunal levodopa infusion (IJLI) are two treatment options for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and refractory motor complications, with varying cost of treatment. There are no multicenter studies comparing the effects of the two strategies. This open-label, prospective, observational, 6-month,(More)
Motor complications in Parkinson’s disease (PD) result from the short half-life and irregular plasma fluctuations of oral levodopa. When strategies of providing more continuous dopaminergic stimulation by adjusting oral medication fail, patients may be candidates for one of three device-aided therapies: deep brain stimulation (DBS), continuous subcutaneous(More)
Evidence suggests that both motor and nonmotor symptoms contribute to health status in Parkinson's disease. Less clear is how much change in health status can be expected if these clinical variables change. In addition, anxiety, separate from depression, has rarely been examined as a predictor of health status. We used hierarchical multiple regression(More)