Michael Salman

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Analysis of Mycoplasma penetrans membrane lipids revealed that, in addition to large amounts of unesterified cholesterol, M. penetrans incorporated exogenous phospholipids, preferentially sphingomyelin, from the growth medium. The major phospholipids synthesized de novo by M. penetrans were phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG). In vivo(More)
Membranes of Mycoplasma fermentans, incognitus strain, were isolated by a combination of osmotic lysis and sonication. Analysis of membrane lipids revealed, in addition to free and esterified cholesterol, six major polar lipids dominated by a de novo synthesized compound (compound X), which accounts for 64% of the total lipid phosphorus. Compound X was(More)
We have demonstrated that Mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain), as well as M. fermentans KL4, PG 18 and IM 1 strains have the ability to activate human peripheral blood monocytes and murine macrophages of two inbred strains to secrete a high level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) in a dose-dependent manner. Secretion of interleukin-1 (IL-1)(More)
Small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) were prepared from the total lipid extract of Mycoplasma capricolum. The SUV were labeled with the fluorescent probe octadecylrhodamine B chloride (R18) to a level at which the R18 fluorescence was self-quenched. At pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C, and in the presence of 5% polyethylene glycol, an increase in the R18 fluorescence(More)
The major unidentified polar lipid (compound X), recently demonstrated in the cell membrane of Mycoplasma fermentans, was purified by preparative silicic acid column chromatography. Chemical analyses of acid-hydrolyzed compound X revealed that, in addition to fatty acids, it contains glycerol, choline and phosphate in a molar ratio of approximately 1:1:2,(More)
We have investigated the fusion characteristics of intact Mycoplasma capricolum cells and small unilamellar vesicles (SUV). The rate and extent of fusion was monitored continuously by octadecylrhodamine B (R18) fluorescence dequenching assay, as well as by intracellular contents mixing, and by sucrose density gradient analysis. The fusion of SUV with M.(More)
Characteristics of the fusion of Mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain) with cultured lymphocytes were investigated. The rate and extent of fusion were monitored continuously in an assay that measured lipid mixing on the basis of dequenching of a fluorescent probe, octadecylrhodamine (R18), incorporated into mycoplasmas. Fusion of M. fermentans was(More)
The AIDS-associated Mycoplasma penetrans is capable of inducing its own uptake by non-phagocytic cells. The ability of M. penetrans to both adhere to and invade Molt-3 lymphocytes was markedly increased in the presence of polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG). The effect of PEG was more pronounced in the more alkaline pH range, where the binding kinetics were much(More)
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG 8000) can induce cell-cell fusion of Mycoplasma capricolum cells, and it can promote the formation of intergeneric hybrids of various Mycoplasma, Acholeplasma and Spiroplasma species. The extent of fusion was quantitatively evaluated by following the dequenching of octadecylrhodamine fluorescent label incorporated into donor cell(More)
We have developed and characterized a system for the transfer of plasmids encapsulated in large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) into Spiroplasma floricola BNR1 cells. The approach is based on the ability of S. floricola-derived LUV to fuse with S. floricola cells. The fusion was continuously monitored by an assay for lipid mixing based on the dequenching of the(More)