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Brain atrophy as determined by quantitative MRI can be used to characterize disease progression in multiple sclerosis. Many studies have addressed white matter (WM) alterations leading to atrophy, while changes of the cerebral cortex have been studied to a lesser extent. In vivo, the cerebral cortex has been difficult to study due to its complex structure(More)
The differentiation of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is difficult. Magnetization transfer imaging (MTI), a measure that correlates with myelination and axonal density, was employed in this study in the attempt to distinguish between these disorders. Measurements were carried(More)
Neurocognitive involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) is heterogeneous with some authors suggesting a frontal pattern in patients with predominantly frontal lesions. To assess the relationship between the distribution of lesions and two cognitive components (visual N2, auditory P3a) of the event-related brain potential (ERP) receiving contributions from(More)
The aim of this study was to use neuropsychological data to characterize two subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in a large patient sample. We studied patients with primary-progressive MS (PPMS) and secondary-progressive MS (SPMS). A group of 121 MS patients (36 PPS, 85 SPMS) and 40 healthy controls were administered a brief battery of cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with isolated syndromes that are clinically suggestive of multiple sclerosis, such as optic neuritis or brain-stem or spinal cord syndromes, the presence of lesions as determined by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain increases the likelihood that multiple sclerosis will develop. We sought to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the long-term predictive value of quantitative lesion load measurement on brain MRIs in patients after a 10-year follow-up who presented initially with a clinically isolated syndrome of the optic nerve, brainstem, or spinal cord. BACKGROUND Quantitative MRI measurement is being used in treatment trials as a surrogate marker in MS, but(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with multiple sclerosis in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom with a cross sectional study. METHODS Patients were classified into three severity groups according to the expanded disability severity scale (EDSS); stage I, II, and III, corresponding to mild (EDSS 1.0-3.5), moderate (EDSS(More)
Mitochondrial pathology is an early observation in motor neurons and skeletal muscle of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To clarify the relevance of this finding, we determined the effects of a 1-month oral administration of creatine on (1)H NMR-visible metabolites in the motor cortices of 15 controls and 15 patients with sporadic ALS,(More)
We investigated the relationship between local tissue destruction, diffuse cerebral atrophy and clinical progression in patients with established multiple sclerosis (MS). Twenty-nine patients with MS (13 patients with relapsing--remitting and 16 with secondary progressive disease) were included in a prospective serial study. Cerebral volumes, T1 hypointense(More)
Recent clinical studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) provide new data on the treatment of clinically isolated syndromes, on secondary progression, on direct comparison of immunomodulatory treatments and on dosing issues. All these studies have important implications for the optimized care of MS patients. The multiple sclerosis therapy consensus group (MSTCG)(More)