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Brain atrophy as determined by quantitative MRI can be used to characterize disease progression in multiple sclerosis. Many studies have addressed white matter (WM) alterations leading to atrophy, while changes of the cerebral cortex have been studied to a lesser extent. In vivo, the cerebral cortex has been difficult to study due to its complex structure(More)
Neurocognitive involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) is heterogeneous with some authors suggesting a frontal pattern in patients with predominantly frontal lesions. To assess the relationship between the distribution of lesions and two cognitive components (visual N2, auditory P3a) of the event-related brain potential (ERP) receiving contributions from(More)
The differentiation of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is difficult. Magnetization transfer imaging (MTI), a measure that correlates with myelination and axonal density, was employed in this study in the attempt to distinguish between these disorders. Measurements were carried(More)
The aim of this study was to use neuropsychological data to characterize two subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in a large patient sample. We studied patients with primary-progressive MS (PPMS) and secondary-progressive MS (SPMS). A group of 121 MS patients (36 PPS, 85 SPMS) and 40 healthy controls were administered a brief battery of cognitive(More)
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Mitochondrial pathology is an early observation in motor neurons and skeletal muscle of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To clarify the relevance of this finding, we determined the effects of a 1-month oral administration of creatine on (1)H NMR-visible metabolites in the motor cortices of 15 controls and 15 patients with sporadic ALS,(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence rates of cognitive impairment (CI) in multiple sclerosis (MS) vary between 40% and 80%. Differences in classification criteria for CI may explain this variance. OBJECTIVE This study reviewed and compared classification criteria for CI in patients with early and late MS. METHODS The paper consists of two parts: a systematic review(More)
Recently, several in vitro studies have demonstrated production of the potent immunosuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)2 in glioblastoma cell lines. Systematic studies of the concentration of TGF-beta isoforms in the plasma of patients harboring intracerebral tumors do not exist. In the present study, the concentrations of(More)
BACKGROUND Detecting malingering or exaggeration of impairments in brain function after traumatic brain injury is of increasing importance in neuropsychological assessment. Lawyers involved in brain injury litigation cases routinely coach their clients how to approach neuropsychological testing to their advantage. Thus, it is important to know how robust(More)