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This study aimed to compare traumatic and spontaneous carotid artery dissection (CAD) and vertebral artery dissection (VAD) with respect to age, pre-morbid risk factors, and site of dissection. Chart review was performed for 49 patients with CAD and VAD admitted to Westchester Medical Center, a level 1 trauma center, from 1999 to 2007. Presentation was(More)
OBJECT Cerebral vasospasm that is caused by aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and that is refractory to maximal medical management can be treated with selective intraarterial papaverine infusions. The effects of single papaverine treatments on cerebral circulation time are well known. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of multiple,(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the specificity for demyelination of a new neuroimaging sign: contrast enhancement shaped as an open ring or a crescent circumscribed to the white matter. BACKGROUND Brain demyelination can cause ring enhancement mimicking neoplasm or infection on CT or MRI. METHODS A MEDLINE search of pathology-proved demyelination yielded 32(More)
Intracranial hypotension may have variable clinical presentations, but has a rather uniform component of postural headache among its symptomatology. Its symptoms are explainable given the effects of the hypotension and attempts within the craniospinal axis to maintain volume homeostasis in the face of cerebrospinal fluid leakage (Monro-Kellie hypothesis).(More)
We report a case of intrathecal methotrexate neurotoxicity manifesting as left arm weakness and aphasia. Diagnostic imaging showed restricted diffusion and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging findings were normal at presentation. Three weeks later, diffusion abnormalities resolved, and T2-weighted studies showed increased signal intensity of(More)
Balamuthia mandrillaris is an emerging cause of subacute granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE). The diagnosis of this infection has proven to be difficult and is usually made postmortem. Early recognition and treatment may offer some benefit. This report describes a previously healthy woman who died from GAE due to B. mandrillaris.
OBJECT Absorbable topical hemostatic agents are commonly used in neurosurgery. In this study the authors examine the longitudinal relaxation time (T1) of blood in contact with these agents over time, measured in vitro, to determine if their presence could affect the interpretation of postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) images. METHODS Coagulated and(More)
The magnetic relaxation rate 1/T1 of tissue water protons was measured over a wide range of magnetic field strengths (NMRD profile) for 92 fresh surgical specimens of astrocytomas to search for correlations of 1/T1 with tumor histology, as determined by light microscopy, and to assess the diagnostic potential of NMRD profiles for grading astrocytomas. A(More)
Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been infrequently recognized in children. The authors have reviewed 68 reported cases of VAD in children in the existing literature. An association between routine types of neck movement in sports and the evolution of VAD was recognized in half of the reported cases. Boys outnumbered girls by a ratio of 6.6 to 1, in(More)