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The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a traditional lecture-based curriculum versus a modified "flipped classroom" curriculum of cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal physiology delivered to first-year graduate students. Students in both courses were provided the same notes and recorded lectures. Students in the modified flipped(More)
Arterial tissues collected from Ossabaw swine bearing metabolic syndrome-induced cardiovascular plaques are characterized by multimodal nonlinear optical microscopy that allows coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering, second-harmonic generation, and two-photon excitation fluorescence imaging on the same platform. Significant components of arterial walls and(More)
Arterial injury models for coronary artery disease have demonstrated an enhanced expression and function of either the endothelin(A) or endothelin(B) (ET(A) or ET(B)) receptor subtype. We hypothesized that organ culture would enhance the physiological function of ET receptors in the porcine right coronary artery. Arteries were either cold stored (4 degrees(More)
A weakness of many animal models of diabetes mellitus is the failure to use insulin therapy, which typically results in severe body wasting. Data collected from such studies must be interpreted cautiously to separate the effects of hyperglycemia from those of starvation. We provide several algorithms that were used by us in two long-term (20-week)(More)
This study investigated the role of tyrosine phosphorylation and source of Ca2+ in prolonged endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced potentiation of myoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) responses to depolarization in coronary smooth muscle cells. Fura-2 microfluorometry showed typical increases in [Ca2+]m in response to 80 mM K+ (80K) and 0.01 microM endothelin. After(More)
Diabetic patients typically have not only hyperglycemia but also dyslipidemia. Study of the pathogenic components of the diabetic milieu and mechanisms of accelerated atherosclerosis is hindered by inadequate animal models. A potentially suitable animal model for human diabetic dyslipidemia is the pig, because it carries a large fraction of total(More)
There is evidence suggesting that adaptive increases in GLUT4 and mitochondria in skeletal muscle occur in parallel. It has been reported that raising cytosolic Ca(2+) in myocytes induces increases in mitochondrial enzymes. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) induces an increase in GLUT4. We found that raising(More)
UNLABELLED Miniature pigs residing in the Ossabaw Island (Ossabaw pigs) exhibit a thrifty genotype, and when fed a high-calorie diet they consistently develop metabolic syndrome defined by obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. We conducted a study to induce steatohepatitis in Ossabaw pigs by dietary manipulation. Pigs were fed(More)
OBJECTIVE Factors released by perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) disrupt coronary endothelial function via phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase by protein kinase C (PKC)-beta. However, our understanding of how PVAT potentially contributes to coronary disease as a complication of obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains limited. The current study(More)
Muscle contractions cause numerous disturbances in intracellular homeostasis. This makes it impossible to use contracting muscle to identify which of the many signals generated by contractions are responsible for stimulating mitochondrial biogenesis. One purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of L6 myotubes, which do not contract, for studying(More)