Michael S. Stekoll

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Regulations of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game require that all fisheries in the state have a harvest management plan. In southeast Alaska two species of floating kelps, Nereocystis luetkeana and Alaria fistulosa, have been commercially harvested since 1992 for use as agrochemicals by the Alaska Kelp Company. However, there is currently no harvest(More)
The leafy gametophytic phase of Porphyra torta Krishnamurthy(Rhodophyta), a candidate species for mariculture in Alaska, grows only inwinter and early spring and is restricted to the outer coast of southeastAlaska. To help determine specific environmental factors limiting theseasonal and geographic distribution of this species, culture experimentswere(More)
Exposure to high concentrations of crude oil produces a lethal syndrome of heart failure in fish embryos. Mortality is caused by cardiotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ubiquitous components of petroleum. Here, we show that transient embryonic exposure to very low concentrations of oil causes toxicity that is sublethal, delayed, and not(More)
Coho salmon exposed to the water soluble fraction (WSF) of Cook Inlet crude oil for a maximum of 30 days showed a greater than three-fold increase in hepatic aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity. The initial increase in enzyme activity appeared between 2 and 5 days of exposure and increased as a function of increased exposure time. Persistence of the(More)
An experiment was conducted to determine if a tailings substrate would inhibit recolonization of benthic macrofauna upon closure of a submarine tailings disposal (STD) operation. Trays of defaunated marine sediment, serving as a reference, and trays of tailings from a proposed gold mine were placed at 21 m depth on the ocean floor to allow colonization via(More)
Experiments were performed to determine the range and optima of environmental conditions under which indigenous species of Alaskan Porphyra can grow. Growth of the conchocelis phase of Porphyra abbottae, P. torta and P. pseudolinearis was measured, when cultured in enriched media, under long days (16 h light) and varying conditions of irradiance (20, 40, 80(More)
Variations of pigment content in the microscopic conchocelis stage of four Alaskan Porphyra species were investigated in response to environmental variables. Conchocelis filaments were cultured under varying conditions of irradiance and nutrient concentrations for up to 60 d at 11°C and 30 psu salinity. Results indicate that conchocelis filaments contain(More)
Interest in Porphyra mariculture in Alaska and a proscription against importing non-indigenous species or stock prompted us to investigate conditions that stimulate release of conchospores in local species of interest. Many of these species had been investigated previously using strains from Washington State. We observed at least one significant difference(More)
The artificial culture of Macrocystis integrifolia in southeastern Alaskan waters has been initiated as a first step in a project to augment the existing herring roe-on-kelp fishery in the state. The growing of Macrocystis in Prince William Sound has the potential of considerably enhancing this fishery by eliminating the costly importation of this kelp from(More)
The Bristol Bay region of Western Alaska is characterized by extreme annual climatic variation . The coast is regularly scoured by pack ice in winter, and storms are frequent both summer and winter . Rocky intertidal areas are covered with dense beds of the perennial alga Fucus (F. distichus?). The Fucus plants form a virtual monoculture from approximately(More)