Michael S Quesenberry

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In recent years, a 'new' pathway for complement activation mediated by the mannose-binding lectin (MBL) has been described as a key mechanism for the mammalian acute phase response to infection. This complement activation pathway is initiated by a non-self recognition step: the binding of a humoral C-type lectin [mannose-binding lectin (MBL)] to microbial(More)
Preparations of the rat liver asialoglycoprotein receptor (rat hepatic lectin, RHL), which is responsible for the selective uptake of partially deglycosylated serum glycoproteins, have been found to contain multiple polypeptide species. A method has been developed for separating the predominant species (RHL-1) from the minor species (RHL-2/3) using(More)
Measurement of formaldehyde is encountered in a broad range of applications including the wine and alcohol industry and environmental pollution surveillance. In carbohydrate structural chemistry, frequent use is made of formaldehyde by periodate oxidation of terminal vicinal diols. Popular methods for the detection of formaldehyde use reagents such as(More)
The carbohydrate-recognition domain of rat serum mannose-binding protein A has been subjected to random cassette mutagenesis. Mutant domains, expressed in bacteria, were initially screened for binding to invertase-coated nitrocellulose and then analyzed further for Ca2+ affinity, saccharide binding, resistance to proteolysis, and oligomerization. The(More)
It is widely recognized that humoral and phagocyte-associated lectins constitute critical components of innate immunity in vertebrates and invertebrates. Their functions include not only self/non-self recognition but also engaging associated effector mechanisms, such as complement-mediated opsonization and killing of potential pathogens. One of the(More)
Serum-type and liver-type mannose-binding proteins (MBP) are both present in higher animals and both are composed of a carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) and a collagenous domain. Although known as mannose-binding proteins, these proteins bind N-acetylglucosamine and other related sugars quite well. An earlier specificity study using cloned CRD portions(More)
The transglycosylation activity of endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Arthrobacter protophormiae (endo-A) can be enhanced dramatically by inclusion of organic solvent in the reaction mixture (see accompanying article; Fan, J.-Q., Takegawa, K., Iwahara, S., Kondo, A., Kato, I., Abeygunawardana, C., and Lee, Y. C. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 17723-17729).(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which is currently treated with injected monoclonal antibodies specific for tumor necrosis factor (TNF). We developed and characterized AVX-470, a novel polyclonal antibody specific for human TNF. We evaluated the oral activity of AVX-470m, a(More)
Comparison of the primary structures of numerous Ca(2+)-dependent animal lectins reveals the presence of a common sequence motif which has been suggested to form the carbohydrate-recognition domain in these proteins. The extent of the functional carbohydrate-recognition domains in two rat C-type lectins, mannose-binding protein A and the major subunit of(More)
Two different mannose-binding proteins (MBP-A and MBP-C), which show 56% sequence identity, are present in rat serum and liver. It has previously been shown that MBP-A binds to a range of monosaccharide-bovine serum albumin conjugates, and that, among oligosaccharide ligands tested, preferential binding is to terminal nonreducing N-acetylglucosamine(More)