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The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family has recently expanded by the identification and cloning of three additional members, namely VEGF-B, VEGF-C, and VEGF-D. In this study we demonstrate that VEGF-B binds selectively to VEGF receptor-1/Flt-1. This binding can be blocked by excess VEGF, indicating that the interaction sites on the receptor are(More)
Expression of the polyoma virus middle T (mT) oncogene in vivo is associated with a profound subversion of normal vascular development, which results in the formation of endothelial tumors (hemangiomas). In an attempt to understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon, we have investigated, in an in vitro system, the morphogenetic(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), also known as vascular permeability factor or vasculotropin, is a recently characterized endothelial-specific mitogen which is angiogenic in vivo. Here we demonstrate that VEGF is angiogenic in vitro: when added to microvascular endothelial cells grown on the surface of three-dimensional collagen gels, VEGF induces(More)
Migration of undifferentiated neural progenitors is critical for the development and repair of the nervous system. However, the mechanisms and factors that regulate migration are not well understood. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, a major angiogenic factor, guides the directed migration of neural progenitors that do not(More)
Metastasis is a frequent and lethal complication of cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) is a recently described lymphangiogenic factor. Increased expression of VEGF-C in primary tumours correlates with dissemination of tumour cells to regional lymph nodes. However, a direct role for VEGF-C in tumour lymphangiogenesis and subsequent(More)
  • M S Pepper
  • 2001
Extracellular proteolysis is an absolute requirement for new blood vessel formation (angiogenesis). This review examines the role of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and plasminogen activator (PA)-plasmin systems during angiogenesis. Specifically, a role for gelatinases (MMP-2, MMP-9), membrane-type 1 MMP (MMP-14), the urokinase-type PA receptor, and PA(More)
Tightly controlled proteolytic degradation of the extracellular matrix by invading microvascular endothelial cells is believed to be a necessary component of the angiogenic process. We have previously demonstrated the induction of plasminogen activators (PAs) in bovine microvascular endothelial (BME) cells by three agents that induce angiogenesis in vitro:(More)
The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the prognostic value of p53 and bcl-2 protein expression, cell proliferation index (Mib-1 index), and tumor microvessel density (factor VIII-related antigen) in pediatric medulloblastoma patients. Tumor specimens of 55 patients (age 2–18 years) with medulloblastoma treated with a curative intent between(More)
Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) is a ligand for the endothelial cell tyrosine kinase receptor Tie2 and counteracts blood vessel maturation/stability mediated by angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), the other known ligand of Tie2. Using degenerate oligonucleotides and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, we have screened bovine microvascular endothelial (BME), aortic,(More)
The formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) is critical for the growth of tumours and is a dominant feature in various angiogenic diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, haemangiomas and psoriasis. Recognition of the potential therapeutic benefits of controlling pathological angiogenesis has led to a search for angiogenesis inhibitors. Here(More)