Learn More
BACKGROUND The frequent recurrence of early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is generally attributable to metastatic disease undetected at complete resection. Management of such patients depends on prognostic staging to identify the individuals most likely to have occult disease. We aimed to develop and validate a practical, reliable assay that(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) use after esophagectomy without induction therapy for node-positive (pN+) adenocarcinoma using the National Cancer Database, including the impact of complications related to surgery (CRS) on outcomes. METHODS Predictors of AC use in 1694 patients in the National Cancer Data Base who underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE There are few studies evaluating whether to proceed with planned resection when a patient with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) unexpectedly is found to have N2 disease at the time of thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. To help guide management of this clinical scenario, we evaluated outcomes for patients who were upstaged to pN2 after lobectomy(More)
BACKGROUND Gremlin, a member of the Dan family of BMP antagonists, is a glycosylated extracellular protein. Previously Gremlin has been shown to play a role in dorsal-ventral patterning, in tissue remodeling, and recently in angiogenesis. Evidence has previously been presented showing both over- and under-expression of Gremlin in different tumor tissues.(More)
A molecular assay prognostic of survival in resected nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer designed to meet the need for improved risk stratification in early-stage disease has recently been described. This assay measures the expression levels of 14 genes using RNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. The assay underwent blinded(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Recently, advancements in our ability to identify and study stem cell populations in the lung have helped researchers to elucidate the central role that cells with stem cell-like properties may have in lung tumorigenesis. Much of this research has focused on the use of the airway repair(More)
Lung transplantation represents the gold-standard therapy for patients with end-stage lung disease. Utilization of this therapy continues to rise. The Lung Transplant Program at Duke University Medical Center was established in 1992, and since that time has grown to one of the highest volume centers in the world. The program to date has performed over 1,600(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors and outcome implications for 30-day hospital readmission in lung transplant recipients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort study of lung transplant cases from a single, high-volume lung transplant program between January 2000 and March 2012. Demographic and health data were(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney transplantation has been advocated as a therapeutic option in lung recipients who develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This analysis outlines patterns of allograft survival following kidney transplantation in previous lung recipients (KAL). METHODS Data from the UNOS lung and kidney transplantation registries (1987-2013) were(More)
Costimulation blockade (CoB) via belatacept is a lower-morbidity alternative to calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based immunosuppression. However, it has higher rates of early acute rejection. These early rejections are mediated in part by memory T cells, which have reduced dependence on the pathway targeted by belatacept and increased adhesion molecule(More)