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Complement activation is an important step for triggering of acute inflammatory reactions. Soluble human recombinant complement receptor type 1 (sCR1) blocks complement activation by both classical and alternative pathways. In addition to glycogen-induced peritonitis, three models of complement-dependent acute inflammatory injury have been used to assess(More)
Angiogenesis is an absolute requirement for tumor growth beyond 2 mm3 in size. The balance in expression between opposing angiogenic and angiostatic factors controls the angiogenic process. The CXC chemokines are a group of chemotactic cytokines that possess disparate activity in the regulation of angiogenesis. Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) has an(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated local relapse occurs in 24% to 35% of patients after definitive chemoradiation for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Although originally considered inoperable, select patients are referred for surgical salvage. We describe a series of salvage lung resection after curative-intent radiation. METHODS Twenty-four consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVES Minimally invasive endoscopic treatment of emphysema could provide palliation with less risk than lung volume reduction surgery and offer therapy to patients currently not considered for lung volume reduction surgery. The Intrabronchial Valve is used to block bronchial airflow in the most emphysematous areas of lung. METHODS Patients with(More)
PURPOSE An endobronchial valve developed for treatment of severe emphysema has characteristics favorable for bronchoscopic treatment of air leaks. We present the results of a consecutive case series treating complex alveolopleural fistula with valves. DESCRIPTION Patients with air leaks that persisted after treatment gave consent and compassionate use(More)
Airway complications remain a source of significant morbidity after lung transplantation. The current incidence of such complications is 12% to 15%. The associated mortality is 2% to 3%. Extensive necrosis and anastomotic dehiscence have become rare, but granulation tissue accumulation, stenosis, and bronchomalacia persist. The major factors that increase(More)
Nitric oxide (NO.), a free radical that is generated from L-arginine by stimulated endothelial cells, neutrophils, activated macrophages, and other cell types, reacts with superoxide anion (O2.-) to form peroxynitrite, which itself may be tissue toxic or can then react further to form the highly reactive and toxic hydroxyl radical (HO.). Because vascular(More)
Two murine monoclonal antibodies (CL-3 and CL-37, both F(ab')2) to human endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) were found to react immunohistochemically with rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells that had been pretreated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha). CL-3, but not CL-37, blocked in vitro adherence of neutrophils to TNF alpha-treated(More)
Rapid translocation of P-selectin (GMP-140) from cytoplasmic granules to the cell membrane of endothelial cells promotes adhesive interactions with neutrophils which, when activated, damage the endothelium. The role of P-selectin in lung vascular endothelial injury in rats after systemic activation of complement by intravenous infusion of cobra venom factor(More)
Lung injury following deposition of IgG immune complexes is neutrophil-dependent and requires both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and CD18. In the current studies, we have evaluated the relationship between TNF alpha and expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in vitro and in vivo. In both rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells and(More)