Michael S Mulligan

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STUDY DESIGN Sixty radiographs were measured on two separate occasions by three physicians using four different techniques to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of the measurement of lumbar lordosis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical methods of measuring lumbar lordosis, determining intraobserver and interobserver reliability. SUMMARY OF(More)
Intraocular accumulation of inflammatory neutrophils is an important feature of experimental phacoanaphylactic endophthalmitis (EPE). Increasing evidence suggests that localization of neutrophils to the site of inflammation requires the participation of neutrophil and endothelial adhesion molecules. These studies were undertaken to determine if blocking of(More)
BACKGROUND Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) affects over half of all long-term survivors after lung transplantation. Respiratory epithelial cell injury, peribronchial inflammation, and proliferation of fibrovascular connective tissue causing airway occlusion characterize this lesion. Several chemokines participate in experimental OB, and singular blockade is(More)
BACKGROUND Lung ischemia reperfusion injury continues to adversely affect patient and graft survival after transplantation. While the role of interleukin-6 has been studied in ischemia-reperfusion models of intestine, liver, and heart, its participation in lung reperfusion injury has not been characterized. METHODS We administered recombinant(More)
Neutrophil recruitment into tissues is a multistep process involving sequential engagement of adhesion molecules, including selectins (E,P,L), which are reactive with oligosaccharides, and the family of beta 2 integrins which are reactive with endothelial intercellular adhesion molecules. These processes result in the initial rolling of leukocytes along the(More)
Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is a major cause of allograft dysfunction after lung transplantation and is thought to result from immunologically mediated airway epithelial destruction and luminal fibrosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) have been implicated in the regulation of lung inflammation,(More)
Using sialyl Lewisx (SLX) oligosaccharides derived from fucosyl transferase-expressing cells or generated synthetically, the ability of these compounds to protect against acute lung damage after deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig)G or IgA immune complexes has been determined. The synthetic compounds were tetra- and pentasaccharide derivates of SLX as well as(More)
Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is a major cause of allograft dysfunction after lung transplantation and is thought to result from immunologically mediated airway epithelial destruction and luminal fibrosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) have been implicated in the regulation of lung inflammation,(More)
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