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TrmB is a repressor that binds maltose, maltotriose, and sucrose, as well as other α-glucosides. It recognizes two different operator sequences controlling the TM (Trehalose/Maltose) and the MD (Maltodextrin) operon encoding the respective ABC transporters and sugar-degrading enzymes. Binding of maltose to TrmB abrogates repression of the TM operon but(More)
TrmB is an alpha-glucoside-sensing transcriptional regulator controlling two operons encoding maltose/trehalose and maltodextrin ABC transporters of Pyrococcus furiosus. The crystal structure of an N-terminal truncated derivative of TrmB (amino acids 2-109 deleted; TrmB(delta2-109)) was solved at 1.5 A resolution. This protein has lost its DNA binding(More)
The yeast Candida tropicalis HP 15 was able to utilize phenol up to concentrations of 2.5 g/l as a sole carbon and energy source. Phenol was metabolized via the beta-ketoadipate pathway by an inducible enzyme system. Besides phenol, resorcinol, quinol, hydroxyquinol, catechol, and to a lesser extend 4-chlorocatechol, protocatechuate, p-cresol,(More)
The recent solution of the crystal structure of an entire binding-protein-dependent ABC transporter complex from the archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus by Locher and his colleagues marks a milestone in the understanding of the ABC transport mechanism. The structure elegantly demonstrates how the motor ATPase alternately opens and closes the inside and outside(More)
Prothymosin alpha and thymosin alpha 1 are believed to be thymus-derived, hormone-like materials with immunomodulatory functions performed outside the cell. These functions are inconsistent with the existence of a full length cDNA clone that does not encode an amino-terminal signal peptide or several consecutive hydrophobic residues. A study of the(More)
The standard glycine site antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, 3-phenyl-4-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-one (21), was used as a template for bioisostere benzene/thiophene exchange. Phenylacetylation of aminothiophene carboxylic acid methyl esters and subsequent cyclization delivered the three possible thienopyridinone isomers.(More)
The six members of the human prothymosin alpha gene family have been cloned and sequenced. One gene (PTMA) contains introns and appears to be the source of all isolated prothymosin alpha cDNAs. The remaining five genes are processed pseudogenes. Four of them have consensus TATA elements upstream of sequences nearly identical to the transcriptional start(More)
The binding of substrates to recombinant reverse transcriptase from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the natural enzyme from avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) has been examined by analyzing both the ribonuclease H and the RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activities. With 3'-end-labeled globin mRNA hybridized to (dT)15 as the substrate in the ribonuclease H(More)
The first two enzymes of the phenol degradation pathway were determined and characterized in crude extracts from Candida tropicalis HP 15. The phenol hydroxylase (EC 1.14.13.7) was a stable NADPH2- and FAD-dependent enzyme with a pH-optimum of 7.6 to 8.0 and a broad substrate specificity. Influence of ultrasound rapidly reduced the enzyme activity. The(More)