Michael S. Kostapanos

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CONTEXT Considerable controversy exists regarding the association of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and major cardiovascular end points. OBJECTIVE To assess the role of omega-3 supplementation on major cardiovascular outcomes. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through August 2012. STUDY(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a predictor for incident atherosclerotic disease. We investigated the effect of 3 hypolipidemic drugs that exert their action through different mechanisms on plasma and lipoprotein-associated Lp-PLA2 activity and mass. METHODS AND RESULTS In 50 patients with Type IIA dyslipidemia were(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The increase in physician-reported diabetes following rosuvastatin treatment in the Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin study has raised concerns whether this statin exerts a detrimental effect on glucose metabolism. We assessed the effect of rosuvastatin treatment across dose(More)
OBJECTIVES In a 24-week, open-label, randomized, parallel-group study, we compared the efficacy and metabolic effects, beyond low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering, of atorvastatin (ATV) and rosuvastatin (RSV) in cardiovascular disease-free subjects with primary hyperlipidaemia, treated to an LDL-C target (130 mg/dL). METHODS After a 6-week(More)
After the withdrawal of troglitazone and rosiglitazone, pioglitazone remains the sole thiazolidinedione (TZD) still available. Pioglitazone is efficacious in improving glycemic control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Although generally well-tolerated, pioglitazone was withdrawn by some national medicines agencies (e.g. in France and Germany)(More)
BACKGROUND Orlistat significantly reduced serum triglycerides (TG) in most clinical trials. Orlistat-induced TG reduction has not been studied to determine the factors contributing to TG alterations in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE We examined the factors influencing TG reduction during orlistat administration, alone or in combination with fenofibrate, and(More)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are the mainstay in the pharmacologic management of dyslipidemia. Since they are widely prescribed, their safety remains an issue of concern. Rosuvastatin has been proven to be efficacious in improving serum lipid profiles. Recently published data from the JUPITER study confirmed the efficacy of this statin in primary(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Hypertension and hyperlipidemia often co-exist and seem to be interrelated through common pathophysiological pathways. Drugs employing beneficial effects in both conditions could be advantageous in a concerted effective management of patients at high cardiovascular risk. Statins are known to enhance cardiovascular protection beyond(More)
Sudden cardiac death, which is mainly associated with the presence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, is a common 'killer' among patients with coronary artery disease. Moreover, atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia encountered in the clinical practice. The beneficial effect of statins on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is(More)
BACKGROUND Statin therapy has been reported to be associated with new-onset diabetes. Angiotensin II-receptor blockers (ARBs) are effective antihypertensive drugs that have been reported to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) to differing extents, with favorable effects on glucose metabolism and the incidence of new-onset(More)