Michael S. Kiernan

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1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], plays an important role in the regulation of mineral ion homeostasis. As well as being the major steroid hormone that regulates calcium metabolism, 1,25(OH)2D3 suppresses transcription of the gene encoding parathyroid hormone, a peptide that plays a dominant role in regulating extracellular calcium levels. To identify(More)
IMPORTANCE Abnormal cardiac metabolism contributes to the pathophysiology of advanced heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists have shown cardioprotective effects in early clinical studies of patients with advanced heart failure, irrespective of type 2 diabetes status. OBJECTIVE To test(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure is a highly prevalent, morbid, and costly disease with a poor long-term prognosis. Evidence-based therapies utilized over the past 2 decades hold the promise of improved outcomes, yet few contemporary studies have examined survival trends in patients with acute heart failure. The primary objective of this population-based study was(More)
OBJECTIVE Several recent trials have examined the clinical utility of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation pumps (IABPs) in cardiogenic shock and acute coronary syndromes. More recently, a larger-capacity 50 cc IABP was introduced into practice. No data comparing the hemodynamic effects of the 40 cc vs 50 cc IABP exist. Our aim was to explore the(More)
This aim of this statement is to report an expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac dysfunction in β-thalassemia major (TM). This consensus statement does not cover other hemoglobinopathies, including thalassemia intermedia and sickle cell anemia, in which a different spectrum of cardiovascular complications is typical. There are(More)
Chronic renal ischemia caused by atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) is gaining recognition as a potentially important risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. The etiology of increased risk of CV events is multifaceted and includes direct physiologic changes that increase risk as well as intermediate clinical effects that are(More)
Management of right heart failure in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) includes emergent reperfusion of the infarct-related artery, fluid resuscitation, vasopressor and inotropic support, and trans-venous pacing in the presence of high-grade atrio-ventricular conduction block. Historically, mechanical support for right ventricular failure after an AMI has(More)
Clinical trials of aldosterone antagonists (AAs) have established substantial reductions in mortality when added to background therapy in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (1,2). Although use of AAs has increased over time, it remains less than expected, on the basis of the results of clinical trials and(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD) who present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and shock is undefined. We aimed to determine differences in survival among patients with MVCAD presenting with STEMI complicated by shock treated with percutaneous coronary intervention(More)
Although several studies describe the prevalence of coronary artery disease in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), the opposite relationship is virtually unexplored. It is the purpose of this study to determine the prevalence of AAA in patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing bypass grafting (CABG). Patients scheduled for elective(More)