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A 10-day winter sampling campaign was conducted in downtown Toronto for particulate matter (PM) air pollution in the fine (<2.5 microm) size range. An aerosol laser ablation mass spectrometer (LAMS), a tapered-element oscillating microbalance (TEOM), and an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) were operated in parallel to characterize the PM on-line. In this(More)
BACKGROUND The objective was to determine the repeatability and stability of capnography interfaced with human exposure facility. METHODS Capnographic wave signals were obtained from five healthy volunteers exposed to particle-free, filtered air during two consecutive 5 min intervals, 10 min apart, within the open and then the sealed and operational human(More)
An Algorithm for Discriminant Analysis of Mass Spectra--ADAMS--was created that classified aerosol mass spectra into dominant chemically-assigned classes, and grouped rare cases in an outlier class. ADAMS was trained with ambient particulate matter (PM) mass spectra, and then validated through classification tests on known spectra with random noise added,(More)
Primary sources of particulate matter (PM) were analyzed by suspending powdered samples into an aerosol laser ablation mass spectrometer (LAMS). PM sources studied included vehicle exhaust particulates, dust from a non-ferrous smelter, cement powder, incinerator fly ash, two coal fly ash samples, and two soils. Marker peaks signified certain PM source(More)
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