Michael S Denyer

Learn More
gammadelta T cells recognise different types of antigen in alternative ways to alphabeta T cells, and thus appear to play a complementary role in the immune response. However, unlike alphabeta T cells, the role or function of gammadelta T cells is still unclear. As pigs possess a high proportion of circulating gammadelta T cells, they are suitable large(More)
Field isolates of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been shown to use the RGD-dependent integrin alphavbeta3 as a cellular receptor on cultured cells. However, several other RGD-dependent integrins may have the potential to act as receptors for FMDV in vivo. Of these, alphavbeta6 is a likely candidate for use as a receptor by FMDV as it is expressed(More)
Field isolates of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been shown to use the RGD-dependent integrin avb3 as a cellular receptor on cultured cells. However, several other RGD-dependent integrins may have the potential to act as receptors for FMDV in vivo. Of these, avb6 is a likely candidate for use as a receptor by FMDV as it is expressed on epithelial(More)
In this study we have used the expression of perforin to characterize subsets of porcine cytotoxic lymphocytes. Perforin positive lymphocytes expressed both CD2 and CD8alpha, most were small dense lymphocytes (SDL) and up to 90% were CD3 negative. However, the numbers of perforin positive T-cells increased with the age of the animal and their populations(More)
A sub-population of circulating porcine gammadelta T cells express cell surface antigens associated with antigen presenting cells (APCs), and are able to take up soluble antigen very effectively. Functional antigen presentation by gammadelta T cells to memory helper T cells was studied by inbred pig lymphocytes immunised with ovalbumin (OVA). After removing(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) porcine nasal mucosal and tracheal mucosal epithelial cell cultures were developed to analyze foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) interactions with mucosal epithelial cells. The cells in these cultures differentiated and polarized until they closely resemble the epithelial layers seen in vivo. FMDV infected these cultures(More)
To identify foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) specific T-cell epitopes within the non-structural protein 3D in swine, pentadecapeptides were tested in proliferation and Interferon-gamma ELISPOT assays using lymphocytes from two strains of inbred miniature pigs (c/c and d/d haplotype) experimentally infected with FMDV. Lymphocytes of c/c pigs recognized(More)
To understand the mechanisms involved in protective immunity to African swine fever virus (ASFV) infection, the observation that infection with the avirulent Portuguese ASFV isolate OUR/T88/3 protects outbred pigs from challenge with the virulent Portuguese ASFV isolate OUR/T88/1 was exploited. It was demonstrated that pigs exposed to OUR/T88/3 and then(More)
The full length porcine granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) cDNA, including secretion signal peptide coding region was recloned into baculovirus transfer vector pAcYM1. The vector was then transfected with Autographica californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) DNA into SF21AE cells and the recombinant virus AcPGM was recovered.(More)