Michael S. Burhans

Learn More
The surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene encodes an extremely hydrophobic, 4-kDa peptide produced by alveolar epithelial cells in the lung. To discern the role of SP-C in lung function, SP-C-deficient (-/-) mice were produced. The SP-C (-/-) mice were viable at birth and grew normally to adulthood without apparent pulmonary abnormalities. SP-C mRNA was not(More)
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a 43-kDa member of the collectin family of collagenous lectin domain-containing proteins that is expressed in epithelial cells of the lung. The SP-D gene was targeted by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells that were used to produce SP-D (+/-) and SP-D (-/-) mice. Both SP-D (-/-) and SP-D (+/-) mice survived(More)
Surfactant protein C (SP-C) is expressed in alveolar Type II epithelial cells of the lung. In order to determine the mechanism(s) that regulate gene transcription, we have analyzed the activation of the murine SP-C promoter in mouse lung epithelial cells (MLE cells) and in HeLa cells after co-transfection with a vector expressing rat thyroid transcription(More)
Mice lacking surfactant protein (SP)-A (SP-A-/-) or SP-D (SP-D-/-) and wild-type mice were infected with group B streptococcus or Haemophilus influenzae by intratracheal instillation. Although decreased killing of group B streptococcus and H. influenzae was observed in SP-A-/- mice but not in SP-D-/- mice, deficiency of either SP-A or SP-D was associated(More)
Superoxide dismutase comprises a family of metalloenzymes that catalyze the oxido-reduction of superoxide anion to H2O2. Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) is encoded by nuclear chromatin, synthesized in the cytosol, and imported posttranslationally into the mitochondrial matrix. We isolated and sequenced complementary DNA encoding human Mn-SOD. The(More)
We used transgenic mice to identify cis-active regions of the human pulmonary surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene that impart tissue- and cell-specific expression in vivo in the lung. Approximately 3.7 kb of genomic SP-C DNA upstream of the transcription start site was sufficient to direct chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene expression(More)
Antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase, are important for protecting the lung against O2 injury. Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) is a superoxide anion (O2-.) scavenger located in the mitochondria, a primary site of O2-. production during hyperoxia. We studied the effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), a macrophage-derived(More)
Proteoglycans (PGs) have been shown to play a key role in the development of many tissues. We have investigated the role of sulfated PGs in early rat lung development by treating cultured tissues with 30 mM sodium chlorate, a global inhibitor of PG sulfation. Chlorate treatment disrupted growth and branching of embryonic day 13 lung explants. Isolated lung(More)
Foxm1 is a member of the Forkhead Box (Fox) family of transcription factors. Foxm1 (previously called Foxm1b, HFH-11B, Trident, Win, or MPP2) is expressed in multiple cell types and plays important roles in cellular proliferation, differentiation and tumorigenesis. Genetic deletion of Foxm1 from mouse respiratory epithelium during initial stages of lung(More)
ABSTRACT: Exogenous ATP stimulates surfactant phospholipid secretion in vitro through binding to P2- purinoceotors on the surface of the alveolar type II cell. To determine whether ATP is present in the bronchoalveolar space at concentrations sufficient to stimulate phospholipid secretion, we determined bronchoalveolar lavage ATP content in rats exposed to(More)