Michael Russold

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Objectives. To investigate the different approaches in the field of functional electrical stimulation (FES) control of gait and address fundamental perquisites to enable FES walking systems to become safer, more practical, and therefore clinically efficacious. Design. Systematic review was conducted from electronic data bases up to March 2008. Studies with(More)
Our understanding of the effects of long-term denervation on skeletal muscle is heavily influenced by an extensive literature based on the rat. We have studied physiological and morphological changes in an alternative model, the rabbit. In adult rabbits, tibialis anterior muscles were denervated unilaterally by selective section of motor branches of the(More)
We describe an implantable stimulator with adjustable output amplitude and bi-directional communication at a size of approximately 1 cm3. The user selects from preset patterns of stimulation and adjusts the stimulation amplitude by sending coded flashes of light, and receives active confirmation of the chosen settings via a powerful LED in the device. These(More)
We investigated the extent to which activity induced by chronic electrical stimulation could restore the mass and contractile function of rabbit tibialis anterior (TA) muscles that had undergone atrophy as a result of prolonged denervation. Denervation was carried out by selectively interrupting the motor nerve branches to the ankle dorsiflexors in one hind(More)
Information extracted from whole-nerve electroneurograms, recorded using electrode cuffs, can provide signals to neuroprostheses. However, the amount of information that can be extracted from a single tripole is limited. This communication demonstrates how previously unavailable information about the direction of action potential propagation and velocity(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES)-evoked cycle training cadence on leg muscle hypertrophy and electrically evoked strength. DESIGN Open intervention study. SETTING Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS Untrained individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (N=8). INTERVENTIONS Six weeks (3d/wk) of(More)
Muscular atrophy due to denervation can be substantially reversed by direct electrical stimulation. Some muscle properties are, however, resistant to change. Using a rabbit model of established denervation atrophy, we investigated whether the extent of restoration would vary with the stimulation protocol. Five patterns, delivering 24,000-480,000(More)
An eight-channel stimulation system, currently intended for stimulation of lower extremities, was developed and is introduced. The major development goals were easy handling, modularity to make the system easily adaptable for other functional electrical stimulation (FES) applications, and a wide stimulation parameter range for application-specific parameter(More)
Although denervating injuries produce severe atrophic changes in mammalian skeletal muscle, a degree of functional restoration can be achieved through an intensive regime of electrical stimulation. An implantable stimulator was developed so that the long-term effects of different stimulation protocols could be compared in rabbits. The device, which is(More)