Michael Russo

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Daytime performance changes were examined during chronic sleep restriction or augmentation and following subsequent recovery sleep. Sixty-six normal volunteers spent either 3 (n = 18), 5 (n= 16), 7 (n = 16), or 9 h (n = 16) daily time in bed (TIB) for 7 days (restriction/augmentation) followed by 3 days with 8 h daily TIB (recovery). In the 3-h group, speed(More)
As both military and commercial operations increasingly become continuous, 24-h-per-day enterprises, the likelihood of operator errors or inefficiencies caused by sleep loss and/or circadian desynchrony also increases. Avoidance of such incidents requires the timely application of appropriate interventions--which, in turn, depend on the ability to measure(More)
Today's network-centric battlefield environment is highly stressful and cognitively demanding. Many warfighters are feeling overwhelmed and end up being medically evacuated from theater due to mental health problems [i.e., post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression]. Of a sample of troops evacuated for psychiatric reasons, 21% (106 out of 509) had(More)
Sleep loss temporarily impairs vigilance and sustained attention. Because these cognitive abilities are believed to be mediated predominantly by the right cerebral hemisphere, this article hypothesized that continuous sleep deprivation results in a greater frequency of inattention errors within the left versus right visual fields. Twenty-one participants(More)
BACKGROUND High-frequency EEG (HFE) as a potential predictor of alertness/drowsiness was first proposed by Kaplan and Loparo. Sampling EEG at 950 Hz, they established an HFE bandwidth of interest ranging from 100-475 Hz. We extend their work by applying discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of HFE signals sampled at 1000 Hz and partitioned into spectral bands(More)
INTRODUCTION Blinks, saccades, and pupil diameter changes are studied for their application as tools to unobtrusively monitor aspects of performance. METHODS Subjects performed a running memory task for a 60-min period. To evaluate changes in the relationship of blinks to saccades as a function of time on task, the ratio of blinks occurring with and(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to investigate the incidence of epileptiform activity, focal or generalized slowing, patterns of uncertain significance and the effects of hyperventilation, photic stimulation and sleep on the electroencephalogram of asymptomatic adult subjects. METHODS The studied group consisted of 100 male subjects with a mean(More)
INTRODUCTION Visual perception task, complex motor flight task, and psychomotor vigilance task performances were evaluated in U.S. Air Force pilots navigating a high-fidelity fixed wing jet simulator over 26.5 h of continuous wakefulness. METHODS Eight military pilots on flight status performed the primary task of flying a simulated 12.5-h overnight(More)
Changes in maximal saccadic velocity (SV), initial pupil diameter (IPD), constriction latency (CL) and constriction amplitude (CA) determined by the pupillary light reflex have been found to be sensitive indicators of impairment as a result of drugs, sleepiness, and/or fatigue. Ambient illuminance and time of day are controlled when these indices are(More)