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major complaint of the Creationists, those who are committed to a Genesis-based story of origins, is that evolution—and Darwinism in particu-lar—is more than just a scientific theory. They object that too often evolution operates as a kind of secular religion, pushing norms and proposals for proper (or, in their opinion, improper) action. Evolutionists(More)
" … any confusion between the ideas suggested by science and science itself must be carefully avoided. " – Jacques Monod, Chance and Necessity, p. xiii. Does evolutionary theory have implications about the existence of supernatural entities? This question concerns the logical relationships that hold between the theory of evolution and different bits of(More)
  • M Ruse
  • 1981
This paper considers recent hypotheses prepared by sociobiologists purportedly giving Darwinian evolutionary explanations of human homosexuality. Four models are considered: balanced superior heterozygote fitness, kin selection, parental manipulation, and homosexuality as a maladaptive side effect of intensive natural selection for superior male(More)
One of the principal objects of theoretical research is to find the point of view from which the subject appears in the greatest simplicity. Most people don't need to be persuaded that the physical world is bewilderingly complex. Everywhere we look, from molecules to clusters of galaxies, we see layer upon layer of complex structures and complex processes.(More)
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace independently discovered the mechanism of natural selection for evolutionary change. However, they viewed the working of selection differently. For Darwin, selection was always focused on the benefit for the individual. For Wallace, selection was as much something of benefit for the group as for the individual. This(More)
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Introduction In the increasingly secular atmosphere of the nineteenth century, intellectuals grew wary of the idea that nature had any moral authority. In an earlier age, one might have looked upon the dispositions of nature as having divine sanction, and thus one could more confidently have referred to natural law as grounding moral judgment. Certain(More)
In philosophy (and elsewhere) certain words which had a negative connotation during previous periods come to have a positive one during the next. " Naturalism " is obviously one such word. Early analytic philosophers reacted against XIXth century naturalism, which was accused of dissolving objective norms (logical, epistemological, ethical) into facts(More)