Michael Rudolf

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Truncated Notch receptors have transforming activity in vitro and in vivo. However, the role of wild-type Notch signaling in neoplastic transformation remains unclear. Ras signaling is deregulated in a large fraction of human malignancies and is a major target for the development of novel cancer treatments. We show that oncogenic Ras activates Notch(More)
Hexadecylphosphocholine (HPC) has been investigated intensively for its cancerostatic properties. One explanation for the mechanism of action of HPC assumes that it plays a role in stimulation of the immune system. In particular, its potency to activate macrophages has already been recognised for different lyso- and ether lipids. Important steps in the(More)
It has been postulated that upon binding to a cell surface receptor, papilloma virus-like particles (VLPs) gain entry into the cytosol of infected cells and the capsid proteins L1 and L2 can be processed in the MHC class I presentation pathway. Vaccination of mice with human papilloma virus-like particles consisting of capsid proteins L1 and L2 induced a(More)
High-risk human papillomaviruses are linked to several malignancies including cervical cancer. Because human papillomavirus-infected women do not always mount protective antiviral immunity, we explored the interaction of human papillomavirus with Langerhans cells, which would be the first APCs the virus comes into contact with during infection. We(More)
Certain human cancers are linked to infection by oncogenic viruses that are able to cause transformation of the normal host cell into a cancerous cell. Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and expression of viral transforming proteins are found in virtually all cervical cancer cells, indicating an important role of this virus in the pathogenesis of the disease.(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-derived chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) are the leading candidate vaccine for the treatment or prevention of cervical cancer in humans. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent inducers of immune responses and here we show for the first time evidence for binding of chimeric HPV-16 VLPs to human peripheral blood-derived DCS:(More)
Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are sexually transmitted pathogens, which are implicated in the etiology of cervical cancer. The early proteins E6 and E7 of HPV have transforming capacity and interfere with the cell cycle control of infected host cells and are essential for the maintenance of the transformed state. Identification of MHC class I-restricted,(More)
As the nature of the T cell immune response is defined by T cell receptor recognition of small protein fragments, referred to as peptides, the identification of peptides would lead us to understanding and directing the T-cell-mediated immune response. Immunogenic peptides might be used for vaccination and activation of the immune reaction against cancer-(More)
An essential requirement for oral vaccines is the ability to survive the harsh environment of the stomach in an antigenically intact form. As bacteriophages are adapted to this environment we used epitope-displaying M13 bacteriophages as carriers for an experimental oral anti-IgE vaccine. The feasibility of this approach was tested in a simulated gastric(More)