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BACKGROUND Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism is recommended for at least 10 days after total knee arthroplasty; oral regimens could enable shorter hospital stays. We aimed to test the efficacy and safety of oral rivaroxaban for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS In a randomised, double-blind, phase III(More)
BACKGROUND Elective hip-replacement surgery carries significant risk of venous thromboembolism, despite use of thromboprophylaxis. We aimed to see whether the pentasaccharide fondaparinux, the first drug of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, could reduce this risk to a greater extent than other available treatments. METHODS In a double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND Low-molecular-weight heparins such as enoxaparin are preferred for prevention of venous thromboembolism after major joint replacement. Apixaban, an orally active factor Xa inhibitor, might be as effective, have lower bleeding risk, and be easier to use than is enoxaparin. We assessed efficacy and safety of these drugs after elective total knee(More)
BACKGROUND Despite use of thromboprophylaxis, elective hip-replacement surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolic complications. We aimed to assess the ability of the pentasaccharide fondaparinux, the first of a new class of synthetic antithrombotic agents, to further reduce this risk. METHODS In a double-blind study, we randomly assigned 2309(More)
Venous thromboembolism is a frequent and potentially life-threatening complication of orthopedic surgery. Rivaroxaban is an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, which was shown to be effective for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective hip and knee arthroplasty in the RECORD study program. Rivaroxaban has the potential to overcome the(More)
In Western countries, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a widespread and serious disorder, with hospital admission rates that appear to be increasing. Current anticoagulant therapies available for the prevention and treatment of VTE have several drawbacks that make them either difficult to manage effectively, due to a need for careful monitoring to control(More)
PURPOSE Real-world data on the use of rivaroxaban in the perioperative period in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery are limited. Subsets of data from the Phase IV, non-interventional XAMOS study were analyzed to explore the potential influence of timing of the first thrombo prophylactic dose, type of anesthesia, and concomitant mechanical(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to analyse concomitant drug use and its association with outcome in patients (N = 17 701) receiving rivaroxaban or standard of care (SOC) for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after major orthopaedic surgery in the non-interventional, phase IV XAMOS (Xarelto® in the prophylaxis of post-surgical venous(More)
In this work, we derive general conditions to achieve high efficiency cascaded third harmonic generation and three photon parametric down conversion in Kerr nonlinear resonant cavities. We employ the general yet rapid temporal coupled-mode method, previously shown to accurately predict electromagnetic conversion processes in the time domain. In our study,(More)