Michael Roloff

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The relative potencies for a series of sensory irritants, with structures based on toluene, were determined by measuring the airborne concentrations that caused a 50% decrease in respiratory rate in Swiss-Webster mice. This concentration is referred to as the RD50. Toluene, a relatively nonirritating compound, and compounds with chlorine, two chlorines,(More)
The impact of tactical knowledge on integrative and distributive response-in-kind behavior sequences and the ability to shift from distributive to integrative behaviors were examined using data from a prior study. Ninety dyads engaged in a multi-issue joint venture negotiation. Forty-five dyads were provided tactical knowledge and the other 45 were not.(More)
Chronic administration of thiazopyr in the diet at dose levels of 1000 and 3000 ppm, but not 100 ppm, has demonstrated an increase in thyroid follicular cell tumors in male Sprague-Dawley rats. In the studies reported here we have evaluated the mechanism of thiazopyr-induced thyroid tumors by studying the effect of thiazopyr on a number of endpoints that(More)
Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography/nuclear magnetic resonance techniques with ultraviolet/diode array detection were used as complementary analytical tools for the reliable identification of polymethoxylated flavones in residues from molecular distillation of cold-pressed peel oils of Citrus sinensis. After development of a(More)
The identification of flavor modulating compounds, for example, bitter masking or sweet enhancing compounds, in complex mixtures such as botanical extracts or food preparations is difficult and time- and work-intensive. To accelerate this process, an improved screening method was developed on the basis of the separation of complex matrixes by the so-called(More)
In this study of 29-month-old male Fischer and Sprague-Dawley rats, the tumor pheochromocytoma occurred in seven of 20 Fischer rats (35%) and ten of 22 Sprague-Dawley rats (45%). Mean blood pressures and mean urinary vanillylmandelic acid levels of rats with pheochromocytomas did not vary significantly from rats with no tumors. Pheochromocytoma in our rats(More)
The sublethal effects of carbon monoxide (CO) in hyperbaric environments have not been adequately characterized. A physiologically sensitive indicator of sublethal effects of a contaminant is the pulmonary alveolar macrophage (PAM). The guinea pig PAM and its reaction to various CO concentrations at 8 atmospheres absolute (ATA) and the surface-equivalent(More)