Michael Robinson

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This consensus document is intended to serve 3 functions. First, it standardizes the criteria for diagnosis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Second, it proposes a new clinical scoring system (0-3) that describes the extent and severity of chronic GVHD for each organ or site at any given time, taking functional impact into account. Third, it(More)
We report here the adoptive transfer, to patients with metastatic melanoma, of highly selected tumor-reactive T cells directed against overexpressed self-derived differentiation antigens after a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen. This approach resulted in the persistent clonal repopulation of T cells in those cancer patients, with the transferred cells(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the combination of lymphodepleting chemotherapy followed by the adoptive transfer of autologous tumor reactive lymphocytes for the treatment of patients with refractory metastatic melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-five patients with metastatic melanoma, all but one with disease refractory to treatment with high-dose interleukin(More)
PURPOSE Previously, we reported our experience treating 14 patients with metastatic melanoma using a fully human antibody to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (anti-CTLA-4) in conjunction with peptide vaccination. We have now treated 56 patients to evaluate two different dose schedules of anti-CTLA-4 and to explore the relationship between autoimmunity and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical features associated with immune recovery in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis who are taking highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS Sixteen patients were evaluated prospectively at the National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. Evaluation included a medical(More)
The safety and effectiveness of systemic and topical medical therapies for ocular disorders are limited due to poor ocular drug uptake, nonspecificity to target tissues, systemic side effects, and poor adherence to therapy. Intravitreal injections can enhance ocular drug delivery, but the need for frequent retreatment and potential injection-related side(More)
In order to achieve genuine web intelligence, building some kind of large general machine-readable conceptual scheme (i.e. ontology) seems inescapable. Yet the past 20 years have shown that manual ontology-building is not practicable. The recent explosion of free user-supplied knowledge on the Web has led to great strides in automatic ontology-building, but(More)
INTRODUCTION Glaucoma is a multifactorial disease characterized by progressive optic nerve injury and visual field defects. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most widely recognized risk factor for the onset and progression of open-angle glaucoma, and IOP-lowering medications comprise the primary treatment strategy. IOP elevation in glaucoma is(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical usefulness of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in patients with inflammatory eye disease that is resistant to conventional immunosuppressive therapies. METHODS Sixteen patients (4 males and 12 females aged 7 to 78 years) who received etanercept (n = 14) or infliximab (n = 2) for either inflammatory eye disease or(More)