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Short-term changes in vowel fundamental frequency (F0) immediately preceding (F0 offset) and following (F0 onset) production of voiceless obstruents were examined in groups of 4-year-olds, 8-year-olds, and 21-year-olds. Definitive patterns of laryngeal behavior were observed for each measure F0 was found to significantly lower at vowel offset across age(More)
Developmental characteristics of formant 1 (F1) and formant 2 (F2) are reported for spontaneous vocalizations produced by four young children. Each child was systematically sampled at between 15 and 36 months of age. Results indicated that both F1 and F2 remained relatively unchanged prior to 24 months of age. Significant decreases in average F1 and F2(More)
The acoustic characteristics of crying behavior displayed in 2 groups of newborn infants are reported. The crying episodes of 10 full-term and 10 preterm infants were audio recorded and analyzed with regard to the long-time average spectrum (LTAS) characteristics. An LTAS display was created for each infant's non-partitioned crying episode, as well as for 3(More)
Vocal tract acoustic resonance was evaluated in a group of 10 untreated adult males with diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome compared to 10 non-OSA adult males. Subjects were required to prolong the vowels /i/, /u/ and /a/, which were subsequently submitted to acoustic analysis of formant frequency and formant bandwidth. Results of the formant(More)
Oscillographic tracings for time-by-count measures of diadochokinetic syllable rate (Fletcher, 1972) were collected from a group of 30 hearing-impaired and five normal-hearing high-school students. Results indicated that hearing-impaired subjects performed significantly slower on all speech-timing tasks than their normal-hearing peers. Within-group(More)
The increased access to, but continued under-use of, technology in education makes it imperative to understand the barriers teachers face when integrating technology into their classrooms. While prior research suggests teachers encounter both first-order extrinsic barriers and second-order personal barriers, much of this research has focused on K-12(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of fetal growth on the fundamental frequency (F(0)) of neonatal crying in a group of healthy full-term infants. The spontaneous cries of 131 infants were audio recorded during the first week of life, and subsequently submitted to acoustic analyses. The individual cry utterances produced by each(More)
Inferences were made regarding vocal tract vowel space during fluently produced utterances through examination of the first two formant frequencies. Fifteen adult males served as subjects, representing separate groups of untreated and treated individuals who stutter and nonstuttering controls. The steady-state portion of formant one (F1) and formant two(More)
Vocal fold contact behavior was examined in separate groups of boys and girls through application of an electroglottograph(EGG). In general, a contact quotient (EGG duty cycle) showed minimal differences within and between boys and girls during sustained production of the vowels /i/, /u/, and /a/. The findings are discussed with respect to the laryngeal(More)
UNLABELLED After prolonged treatment with L-dopa, patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience fluctuations in motor performance. Changes in voice production have been documented perceptually during periods of fluctuation, but few quantitative changes have been found. The purpose of this study is to examine the acoustic-phonatory characteristics of PD(More)