Michael Ringle

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Sesquiterpenes are particularly interesting as flavorings and fragrances or as pharmaceuticals. Regio- or stereoselective functionalizations of terpenes are one of the main goals of synthetic organic chemistry, which are possible through radical reactions but are not selective enough to introduce the desired chiral alcohol function into those compounds.(More)
Cytochromes P450 monooxygenases are highly interesting biocatalysts for biotechnological applications, since they perform a diversity of reactions on a broad range of organic molecules. Nevertheless, the application of cytochromes P450 is limited compared to other enzymes mainly because of the necessity of a functional redox chain to transfer electrons from(More)
The members of the CYP109 family (CYP109C1, CYP109C2, and CYP109D1) from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56 are among the 21 P450 enzymes, of which only CYP109D1 and CYP264B1 have so far been functionally characterized. Here, we attempted to characterize two other P450s (CYP109C1 and CYP109C2) for the first time and compare their biochemical, biophysical, and(More)
Cytochromes P450 catalyze a variety of synthetically useful reactions. However, it is difficult to determine their physiological or artificial functions when a plethora of orphan P450 systems are present in a genome. CYP260A1 from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56 is a new member among the 21 available P450s in the strain. To identify putative substrates for(More)
Escherichia coli has developed into an attractive organism for heterologous cytochrome P450 production, but, in some cases, was restricted as a host in view of a screening of orphan cytochromes P450 or mutant libraries in the context of molecular evolution due to the formation of the cytochrome P450 inhibitor indole by the enzyme tryptophanase (TnaA). To(More)
In this study, we report the crystal structure of the cytochrome P450 CYP260A1 (PDB 5LIV) from the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum So ce56. In addition, we investigated the hydroxylation of 11-deoxycorticosterone by CYP260A1 by reconstituting the enzyme with the surrogate redox partners adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin reductase. The major product of this(More)
Sesquiterpenes are natural products derived from the common precursor farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) but are highly diverse in structure and function. Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) exhibit the unique ability to introduce molecular oxygen into non-activated C-H bonds. In plant biosynthetic pathways, P450s commonly derivatize sesquiterpene hydrocarbons.(More)
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