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BACKGROUND The recent identification in patients with Kaposi's sarcoma of DNA sequences with homology to gammaherpesviruses has led to the hypothesis that a newly identified virus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpeslike virus (KSHV), has a role in the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma. We developed serologic markers for KSHV infection. METHODS KSHV(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility and efficacy of two interventions for improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy regimens in HIV-infected subjects compared with a control intervention. DESIGN Randomized, controlled, pilot study. SETTING Department of Veterans Affairs HIV clinic and community-based HIV clinical trials site. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Electronic caps, pill caps that record the date and time of pill bottle opening provide an objective measure of adherence to prescribed medication. A promising intervention to improve adherence, cue-dose training, involves reviewing patients' pill cap-generated reports concerning their medication-taking and offering individualized recommendations for(More)
The BC-1 cell line, derived from a body cavity-based, B-cell lymphoma, is dually infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). In these studies, the relationships between these two gammaherpesviruses and BC-1 cells were characterized and compared. Single-cell cloning experiments suggested that all BC-1 cells(More)
BACKGROUND The true treatment rate for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in veterans is unknown. AIM To determine the treatment prescription rates and predictors of treatment prescription for HCV in a large national population. METHODS The Department of Veterans Affairs National Patient Care Database (NPCD) was used to identify all HCV-infected people between the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS HIV-infected patients now live longer and often have complications of liver disease, especially with hepatitis B or C virus coinfection. Limited data are available on those with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS A retrospective analysis from 1992 to 2005 in 6 centers identified 63 HIV-infected HCC patients. Controls were 226(More)
In the United States, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects an estimated 3 million persons, most younger than 50 years of age. It is one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease morbidity and mortality and the most common indication for liver transplantation. Effective treatment can eradicate the virus and eliminate or reduce liver(More)
A survey for antibodies to a recombinant small viral capsid antigen (sVCA) of human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) was conducted in Sardinia, one of the world's highest incidence areas for classic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Prevalence of antibodies to HHV-8 sVCA was greatest in patients with KS (95%), followed by family members (39%) and a Sardinian control(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize variation in the use of HIV genotypic resistance tests and how results were reported. METHODS Clinicians and laboratory managers at all Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers were asked to complete a survey in March 2003 regarding HIV resistance testing practices. RESULTS Surveys from 131 of 150 sites were returned.(More)
A retrospective analysis of 39 HIV infected patients with ESRD cared for in New Haven from 1987 to June 1992 was performed. All patients had evidence for HIV infection at the start of CAPD therapy. Cumulative technique survival at one and two years was 43% and 27%, respectively. Only eight patients transferred to center dialysis. One and two year patient(More)