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Recent years have witnessed major strides in imaging modalities, including US and contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography, fluoroscopy, CT and MRI, and these have significantly impacted paediatric uroradiology. The trend is towards reduced or no radiation exposure and combined morphological and functional imaging. This review presents the currently(More)
BACKGROUND No US contrast agent (US-CA) is currently licensed for use in children. OBJECTIVE To survey the off-label use in children of a second-generation US-CA. MATERIALS AND METHODS Questionnaires were e-mailed to European paediatric radiologists, who were asked about their experience with the second-generation US-CA Sonovue® (Bracco, Milan, Italy).(More)
We present here a few basic proposals for algorithms and procedures for imaging the paediatric genitourinary tract based on initial discussion at a paediatric uroradiology symposium and proposals of the ESUR Paediatric Uroradiologic Guidelines Subcommittee. These recommendations were developed in the light of new knowledge that might influence existing(More)
The aim of this study was to present current theories of pathogenesis and prognosis in urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal scarring during infancy and childhood, with special regard to new insights concerning the role of vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR). For a long time VUR and UTI were considered the only risk factors for renal scarring in childhood. Now a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of MR urography in the assessment of children with a suspected "functional single kidney." SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sixty patients (age range, 2.7 weeks to 15.7 years) who had been referred for assessment of a suspected functional single kidney underwent MR urography in addition to detailed(More)
Ultrasound (US) of the paediatric chest has become an established imaging tool that may supplement plain film findings helping to reduce or tailor other ionizing (sectional) imaging in a variety of paediatric conditions such as sequestration or pneumonia. US has been shown to offer valuable imaging alternatives, both reliably enabling diagnosis without need(More)
The introduction of helical computer tomography (CT) and further progress to multi-slice CT enabled new applications. Most recent developments like the 320-row detector facilitate volume CT, which avoids the over-beaming effect of helical scanning. The 320-row multi-slice detector CT (MDCT) is based on a 16cm detector; a special acquisition mode allows(More)
Imaging urinary tract obstruction is a common query in paediatric uroradiology. With the advent of a more conservative treatment approach, the task of imaging today is to distinguish as early as possible those kidneys that do not require surgery, from those that will deteriorate and lose function and/or growth potential and thus benefit from surgery. At(More)
Two new recommendations of the European Society of Radiology task force and the European Society of Uroradiology workgroup on paediatric uroradiology are presented. One deals with diagnostic imaging in children after trauma to the urinary tract-renal trauma, in particular. The other concerns the evaluation of suspected renal hypertension. Available data in(More)