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— An adaptive transversal equalizer based on the least-mean-square (LMS) algorithm, operating in an environment with a temporally correlated interference, can exhibit better steady-state mean-square-error (MSE) performance than the corresponding Wiener filter. This phenomenon is a result of the nonlinear nature of the LMS algorithm and is obscured by(More)
Repetitive-element-derived Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) act together with Piwi proteins Mili (also known as Piwil2) and Miwi2 (also known as Piwil4) in a genome defence mechanism that initiates transposon silencing via DNA methylation in the mouse male embryonic germ line. This silencing depends on the participation of the Piwi proteins in a(More)
—We present an approximate analysis approach to the computation of probability of error and mean burst error length for a decision feedback equalizer (DFE) that takes into account feedback of decision errors. The method uses a reduced-state Markov model of the feedback process and is applicable to linear modulation formats. We use this technique to analyze(More)
The Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, similar to other pathogens, binds human complement regulators Factor H and Factor H related protein 1 (FHR-1) from human serum. Here we identify the secreted protein Sbi (Staphylococcus aureus binder of IgG) as a ligand that interacts with Factor H by a-to our knowledge-new type of interaction. Factor H(More)
Upon host infection, the human pathogenic microbe Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) immediately faces innate immune reactions such as the activated complement system. Here, a novel innate immune evasion strategy of S. aureus is described. The staphylococcal proteins surface immunoglobulin-binding protein (Sbi) and extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein(More)
The Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA)-interacting Piwi protein is involved in transcriptional silencing of transposable elements in ovaries of Drosophila melanogaster. Here we characterized the genome-wide effect of nuclear Piwi elimination on the presence of the heterochromatic H3K9me3 mark and HP1a, as well as on the transcription-associated mark H3K4me2. Our(More)
Pressure ulcers pose a huge financial burden on the economy. Pressure ulcers cost between $9.1 to 11.6 billion a year in the United States. Each individual pressure can cost from $20,900 to $151,700 per pressure ulcer. Wheelchair users with spinal cord injury have a higher risk of developing pressure ulcers due to limited mobility and the countless hours(More)
By linking experimental and computational facilities across the DOE, researchers were able to uncover stacking faults in double-layered perovskite, Sr 3 (Ru 1-x Mn x) 2 O 7. Perovskites are promising materials for solid-state batteries. Understanding the electronic properties of double-layered perovskite requires that defects in perovskite lattice be well(More)