Michael R. Ziebell

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A cell-targeted polymeric prodrug prepared from Taxol and chemically modified hyaluronic acid (HA) was evaluated in vitro. Herein we report four results in support of the selective uptake and targeted toxicity of the HA-Taxol prodrug. First, a fluorescently labeled HA-Taxol (FITC-HA-Taxol) was synthesized and used to demonstrate cell-specific binding and(More)
Texas red-labeled hyaluronan (TR-HA) is rapidly taken up in a CD44 independent manner into ras-transformed 10T1/2 fibroblasts, where it accumulates in both cell ruffles/lamellae, the perinuclear area, and the nucleus. HA does not accumulate in the cell ruffles/lamellae of parental 10T1/2 cells. Addition of HA to ras-transformed cells promotes their random(More)
[(3)H]4-[(3-trifluoromethyl)-3H-diazirin-3-yl]benzoylcholine (TDBzcholine) was synthesized and used as a photoaffinity probe to map the orientation of an aromatic choline ester within the agonist binding sites of the Torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). TDBzcholine acts as a nAChR competitive antagonist that binds at equilibrium with equal(More)
Controlled modification of the carboxylic acid moieties of hyaluronic acid with mono- and polyfunctional hydrazides leads to biochemical probes, biopolymers with altered physical and chemical properties, tethered drugs for controlled release, and crosslinked hydrogels as biocompatible scaffoldings for tissue engineering. Methods for polyhydrazide synthesis,(More)
To identify binding domains in a ligand-gated ion channel for etomidate, an intravenous general anesthetic, we photolabeled nicotinic acetylcholine-receptor (nAChR)-rich membranes from Torpedo electric organ with a photoactivatable analog, [H]azietomidate. Based upon the inhibition of binding of the noncompetitive antagonist [H]phencyclidine, azietomidate(More)
Enzymatic degradation of hyaluronan (HA) by testicular hyaluronidase (HAase, hyaluronate 4-glucanohydrolase) requires inclusion of mono- or divalent cations in the reaction mixture. Most divalent cations activated HAase with equal potency; however, Cu2+ suppressed degradation, and Ca2+ showed a concentration-dependent regulation of size of the(More)
To locate general anesthetic binding sites on ligand-gated ion channels, a diazirine derivative of the potent intravenous anesthetic, R-(+)-etomidate (2-ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate), has been synthesized and characterized. R-(+)-Azietomidate [2-(3-methyl-3H-diaziren-3-yl)ethyl 1-(1-phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate] anesthetizes(More)
The interactions of a photoreactive analogue of benzoylcholine, 4-azido-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzoylcholine (APFBzcholine), with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) were studied using electrophysiology and photolabeling. APFBzcholine acted as a low-efficacy partial agonist, eliciting maximal responses that were 0.3 and 0.1% of that of acetylcholine for(More)
Chlorpromazine (CPZ), a potent nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) noncompetitive antagonist, binds with higher affinity in the ion channel in the desensitized state than in the closed channel state and with low affinity to additional sites in nAChR-rich membranes. For nAChR equilibrated with agonist, we confirm previous reports that [(3)H]CPZ occupies(More)
BACKGROUND Hyaluronan (HA) is a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) that promotes motility, adhesion, and proliferation in mammalian cells, as mediated by cell-surface HA receptors. We sought to identify non-carbohydrate ligands that would bind to and activate cell-surface HA receptors. Such analogs could have important therapeutic uses in the treatment of(More)